Theory and Practice
"Foundation Engineering focuses on the analysis and design of foundations using rational approaches to a large extent. Soil-Structure interaction approach using Winkler model for soil representation is discussed in detail along with conventional approach. It also presents the structural design methods using codes of practice for limit state design
1.1 Foundations, Soils and Superstructures.
1.2 Classification of Foundations.
1.3 Selection of Type of Foundation.
1.4 General Guidelines for Design.
1.5 Modeling, Parameters, Analysis and Design Criteria.
1.6 Soil Maps.
2 Engineering Properties of Soil.
2.2 Basic Soil Relations.
2.3 Soil Classification.
2.5 Over Consolidation Ratio.
2.6 Relative Density.
2.7 Terzaghi`s Effective Stress Principle.
2.8 Compaction of Soils.
2.9 Consolidation and Compressibility.
2.10 Shear Strength of Soils.
2.11 Soil Exploration and Sampling.
2.12 Site Investigation - Boring, Sampling and Testing.
2.13 Split Spoon Sampler and Standard Penetration Test.
2.14 Cone Penetration Test.
2.15 Field Vane Shear Test.
2.16 Other In Situ Tests.
3 Bearing Capacity, Settlement, Stresses and Lateral Pressures in Soils.
3.2 Ultimate Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundations.
3.3 Bearing Capacity of Deep Foundations.
3.4 Correlation of UBC and ASP with SPT Values and CPT Values.
3.5 UBC and Probable Settlements Using Field Plate Load Test.
3.6 Elastic Stress and Displacement Distribution in Soils.
3.7 Settlement Analysis.
3.8 Lateral Earth Pressure.
3.9 Coefficient of Earth Pressure at Rest.
3.10 Other Theories of Lateral Pressure.
4 Rational Design of Shallow Foundations.
4.2 Shallow Foundations.
4.3 Conventional Design and Rational Design.
4.4 Procedures for the Design of Footings.
4.5 Conventional Structural Design of Footings.
4.6 Foundations in Difficult Soil Formations.
4.7 Modeling Soil Structure Interactions for Rational Design of Foundations.
4.8 Evaluation of Spring Constant in Winkler`s Soil Model.
44.9 Soil-Structure Interaction Equations.
5 Analysis of Footings on Elastic Foundations.
5.1 Introduction 165
5.2 Literature Review.
5.3 Analysis of BEF.
5.4 Infinite Beams on Elastic Foundations.
5.5 Finite Beams on Elastic Foundations.
5.6 Plates on Elastic Foundations.
6 Numerical and Finite Difference Methods.
6.2 Trial Solutions with Undetermined Parameters.
6.3 Finite Difference Method.
6.4 FDM Applications to General BEF Problems.
6.5 Boundary Conditions.
6.6 Calculation of Bending Moments.
6.7 Shear Forces.
6.8 Vertical Reactions.
6.9 Simplification for Prismatic Beams.
6.10 FDM for Rectangular Plates on Elastic Foundations.
6.11 FDM for Circular and Annular Plates on Elastic Foundations.
6.12 BEF Software Package.
7 Finite Element Method.
7.1 General Philosophy.
7.2 Finite Element Procedure.
7.3 Formulation of Finite Element Characteristics (Stiffness Analysis).
7.4 Beam Elements.
7.5 Plate Elements for Bending Theory.
8 Parameters and Criteria for Foundation Design.
8.2 Design Considerations.
8.3 Codes, Practices and Standards.
8.4 Design Soil Pressure.
8.5 Gross and Net Values of the Safe Bearing Capacity and Allowable Soil Pressure.
8.6 Presumptive Bearing Capacity.
8.7 Settlements and Differential Settlements.
8.8 Cracks Due to Uneven Settlement.
8.9 Suggestions to Reduce Large Differential Settlements.
9 Deep Foundations - Piles, Drilled Piers, Caissons and Pile-Raft Systems.
9.3 Functions of Piles.
9.4 Design of Pile Foundations.
9.5 Type and Length of Piles.
9.6 Pile Load Capacity.
9.7 Lateral Load Capacity of Piles.
9.8 Stresses on Lower Strata Due to Pile Foundations.
9.9 Settlement Analysis.
9.10 Design of Piles and Pile Groups.
9.11 Drilled Piers or Drilled Caissons.
9.12 Non-Drilled Caissons.
9.13 Pile-Raft Systems.
10 Design of Piles and Pile Groups.
10.2 Use of Pile Foundations.
10.3 Types of Piles and Pile Groups.
10.4 Efficiency of Pile Groups.
10.5 Analysis and Design of Pile Foundations.
10.6 Lateral Capacity of Piles.
10.7 Pile Group.
10.8 Settlement of Piles.
10.9 Settlement Under Lateral Load.
10.10 Design of Pile Caps.
10.12 Batter Piles.
10.13 Design of Pile Foundations.
10.14 Summary of Assumptions and Guidelines for Design.
10.16 Construction Guidelines.
11 Machine Foundations.
11.2 Types of Machine Foundations.
11.3 General Requirements of Machine Foundations and Design Criteria.
11.4 Dynamic Loads.
11.5 Physical Modeling and Response Analysis.
11.6 Analysis by Lysmer and Richart.
11.7 General Analysis of Machine-Foundation-Soil Systems Using Analog Models.
11.8 General Equations of Motion.
11.9 Methods of Solution.
11.10 General Remarks.
11.11 Framed Foundations.
12 Structural Design of Foundations.
12.2 Analysis of Foundations.
12.3 Structural Design.
12.4 Isolated Footings.
12.5 Wall Footings.
12.6 Combined Footings.
12.7 Strap Footings.
12.8 Raft Foundations.
12.9 Circular and Annular Footings.
12.10 Construction Guidelines for Footings.
12.11 Construction of Raft Foundations.
12.12 Examples of Structural Design.