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Pascoe, Norman

Reliability Technology

Principles and Practice of Failure Prevention in Electronic Systems

€ 121.95

This unique book—for quality and reliability engineers, manufacturing process engineers, environmental test engineers and design engineers—describes the practical processes necessary to achieve failure-free equipment performance and studies the essential requirements for successful product life-cycle management.


Taal / Language : English

Inhoudsopgave:
Foreword.....................................................................................................................................
Preface.........................................................................................................................................
Acknowledgements.....................................................................................................................

1 The Origins and Evolution of Quality and Reliability....................................
1.1 Sixty Years of Evolving Electronic Equipment Technology.....................................
1.2 Manufacturing Processes- From Manual Skills to Automation.................................
1.3 Soldering Systems......................................................................................................
1.4 Component Placement Machines...............................................................................
1.5 Automatic Test Equipment.........................................................................................
1.6 Lean Manufacturing...................................................................................................
1.7 Outsourcing................................................................................................................
1.8 Electronic System Reliability - Folklore versus Reality............................................
1.9 The ‘Bathtub Curve`...................................................................................................
1.10 The Truth about Arrhenius.......................................................................................
1.11The Demise of MIL-HDBK-217...............................................................................
1.12 The Benefits of Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) Products................................
1.13 The MoD SMART Procurement Initiative...............................................................
1.14 Why do Items Fail? .................................................................................................
1.15 The Importance of Understanding Physics of Failure..............................................
Bibliography.....................................................................................................................
Summary and Questions...................................................................................................

2 Product Life Cycle Management..................................................................................
2.1 Overview..................................................................................................................
2.2 Project Management...................................................................................................
2.3 Project Initiation.........................................................................................................
2.4 Project Planning.........................................................................................................
2.5 Project Execution.......................................................................................................
2.6 Project Closure...........................................................................................................
2.7 A Process Capability Maturity Model........................................................................
2.8 When and How to Define the Product Distribution Strategy.....................................
2.9 Transfer of Design to Manufacturing - the Highest Risk Phase................................
2.10 Outsourcing - Understanding and Minimising the Risks........................................
2.11 How Product Reliability is Increasingly Threatened in the 21st. Century................
Bibliography.....................................................................................................................
Summary and Questions...................................................................................................

3 The Physics of Failure....................................................................................................
3.1 Overview....................................................................................................................
3.2 Background................................................................................................................
3.3 Potential Failure Mechanisms in Materials and Components....................................
3.4 Techniques for Failure Analysis of Components and Assemblies.............................
3.5 Transition from tin-lead to lead free soldering...........................................................
3.6 High Temperature Electronics and Extreme Temperature Electronics......................
3.7 Some Illustrations of Failure......................................................................................
Bibliography.....................................................................................................................
Summary and Questions..................................................................................................

4 Heat Transfer - Theory and Practice...........................................................................
4.1 Overview....................................................................................................................
4.2 Conduction.................................................................................................................
4.3 Convection.................................................................................................................
4.4 Radiation....................................................................................................................
4.5 Thermal Management.................................................................................................
4.6 Principles of Temperature Measurement...................................................................
4.7 Temperature Cycling and Thermal Shock..................................................................
Bibliography.....................................................................................................................
Summary and Questions...................................................................................................

5 Shock and Vibration - Theory and Practice...............................................................
5.1 Overview....................................................................................................................
5.2 Sources of Shock Pulses in the Real Environment....................................................
5.3 Response of Electronic Equipment to Shock Pulses..................................................
5.4 Shock Testing.............................................................................................................
5.5 Product Shock Fragility..............................................................................................
5.6 Shock and Vibration Isolation Techniques................................................................
5.7 Sources of Vibration in the Real Environment..........................................................
5.8 Response of Electronic Equipment to Vibration........................................................
5.9 Vibration Testing........................................................................................................
5.10 Vibration Test Fixtures.............................................................................................
Bibliography.....................................................................................................................
Summary and Questions...................................................................................................

6 Achieving Environmental Test Realism.......................................................................
6.1 Overview....................................................................................................................
6.2 Environmental Testing Objectives.............................................................................
6.3 Environmental Test Specifications and Standards.....................................................
6.4 Quality Standards.......................................................................................................
6.5 The Role of the Test Technician................................................................................
6.6 Mechanical Testing....................................................................................................
6.7 Climatic Testing.........................................................................................................
6.8 Chemical and Biological Testing...............................................................................
6.9 Combined Environment Testing................................................................................
6.10 Electromagnetic Compatibility.................................................................................
6.11 Avoiding Misinterpretation of Test Standards and Specifications...........................
Bibliography.....................................................................................................................
Summary and Questions...................................................................................................

7 Essential Reliability Technology Disciplines in Design....................................
7.1 Overview....................................................................................................................
7.2 Robust Design and Quality Loss Function.................................................................
7.3 Six Sigma Quality......................................................................................................
7.4 Concept, Parameter and Tolerance Design................................................................
7.5 Understanding Product Whole Life Cycle Environment...........................................
7.6 Defining User Requirement for Failure Free Operation............................................
7.7 Component Anatomy, Materials and Mechanical Architecture.................................
7.8 Design for Testability.................................................................................................
7.9 Design for Manufacturability.....................................................................................
7.10 Defining Product Distribution Strategy....................................................................
Bibliography.....................................................................................................................
Summary and Questions...................................................................................................

8 Essential Reliability Technology Disciplines in Development....................................
8.1 Overview....................................................................................................................
8.2 Understanding and Achieving Test Realism..............................................................
8.3 Qualification Testing..................................................................................................
8.4 Stress Margin Analysis and Design Robustness........................................................
8.5 Premature Failure Stimulation...................................................................................
8.6 Accelerated Ageing v Accelerated Life Testing........................................................
8.7 Design and Proving of Distribution Packaging..........................................................
Bibliography.....................................................................................................................
Summary and Questions...................................................................................................

9 Essential Reliability Technology Disciplines in Manufacturing................................
9.1 Overview....................................................................................................................
9.2 Manufacturing Planning.............................................................................................
9.3 Manufacturing Process Capability.............................................................................
9.4 Manufacturing Process Management and Control.....................................................
9.5 Non Invasive Inspection Techniques.........................................................................
9.6 Manufacturing Handling Procedures..........................................................................
9.7 Lead Free Soldering - A True Perspective................................................................
9.8 Conformal Coating.....................................................................................................
9.9 Production Reliability Acceptance Testing................................................................
Bibliography.....................................................................................................................
Summary and Questions...................................................................................................

10 Environmental Stress Screening (ESS)........................................................................
10.1 Overview..................................................................................................................
10.2 The origins of ESS...................................................................................................
10.3 Thermal Stress Screening.........................................................................................
10.4 Developing a Thermal Stress Screen........................................................................
10.5 Vibration Stress Screening.......................................................................................
10.6 Developing a Vibration Stress Screen......................................................................
10.7 Combined Environment Stress Screening................................................................
10.8 Other Stress Screening Methodologies....................................................................
10.9 Estimating Product Life Consumed by Stress Screening.........................................
10.10 An Environmental Stress Screening Case Study....................................................
Bibliography.....................................................................................................................
Summary and Questions...................................................................................................

11 Some Worked Examples
11.1 Overview..................................................................................................................
11.1 Peak Thermo-mechanical Stresses in Component Attachments..............................
11.2 Accelerated Life Factors..........................................................................................
11.3 Cumulative Fatigue Damage....................................................................................
11.4 Printed Board Assembly Resonant Frequencies......................................................
11.5 Calculating Input PSD Levels in resonant Frequency Bands...................................
11.6 A Vibration Fixture Design Example for Printed Board Assemblies......................

Appendix 1 - Physical Properties of Materials............................................................
Appendix 2 - Unit Conversion Tables..........................................................................
Index................................................................................................................................

Extra informatie: 
Hardback
412 pagina's
Januari 2011
880 gram
248 x 178 x 26 mm
Wiley-Blackwell us
Levertijd: 5 tot 11 werkdagen