internetboekhandel.nl
buttons Home pagina Kassa pagina, Winkelwagentje Contact info Email ons
leeg Home pagina Kassa pagina, Winkelwagentje Contact info Email ons Home pagina Rijks
Boekenweek
Rijks Home pagina Home pagina Kassa pagina, Winkelwagentje Contact info Email ons Besteller 60
 
Nederlands Buitenlands   Alles  Titel  Auteur  ISBN        
Technische wetenschappen
Technische wetenschappen algemeen
Levertijd: 5 tot 11 werkdagen


Pahlavan, Kaveh

Principles of Wireless Networks

A Unified Approach

€ 122.95

Updated to reflect developments in wireless wide, local, and personal area networks, the second edition of Principles of Wireless Networks: A Unified Approach is a comprehensive introductory text that takes a holistic approach to the convergence of wireless and fixed Internet technologies.


Taal / Language : English

Inhoudsopgave:
Preface xv 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Elements of Information Networks 3 1.2.1 Evolution of Applications, Devices, and Networks 5 1.2.2 Information Network Infrastructures and Wireless Access 7 1.2.3 Connection Between Wireless Access and Localization 9 1.2.4 Standards Organizations for Information Networking 10 1.2.5 Four Markets in the Evolution of Wireless Networking Standards 13 1.2.6 Trends in Wireless Data Applications 14 1.3 Evolution of Wireless Access to the PSTN 17 1.3.1 Cordless Telephone Systems 18 1.3.2 Cellular Telephone Networks 18 1.4 Evolution of Wireless Access to the Internet 21 1.4.1 Local Wireless Data Networks 21 1.4.2 Wide Area Wireless Data Networks 24 1.5 Evolution of Wireless Localization Technologies 27 1.5.1 TOA-based Wireless Localization 27 1.5.2 RSS-based Localization 28 1.6 Structure of this Book 29 1.6.1 Part I: Principles of Air–Interference Design 30 1.6.2 Part II: Principle of Network Infrastructure Design 31 1.6.3 Part III: Wireless Local Access 31 1.6.4 Part IV: Wide Area Wireless Access 32 1.6.5 Part V: Wireless Localization 33 Part I PRINCIPLES OF AIR–INTERFERENCE DESIGN 2 Characteristics of the Wireless Medium 39 2.1 Introduction 39 2.1.1 Causes of Multipath Propagation 40 2.1.2 Effects of Multipath Propagation 41 2.1.3 Applied Channel Models for Wireless Communication Applications 43 2.2 Modeling of Large-scale RSS, Path Loss, and Shadow Fading 45 2.2.1 General Features of Large-Scale RSS 45 2.2.2 Friis Equation and Path-Loss Modeling in Free Space 47 2.2.3 Empirical Determination of Path Loss Gradient 51 2.2.4 Shadow Fading and Fading Margin 51 2.2.5 Popular Models for Path Loss and Shadow Fading 55 2.3 Modeling of RSS Fluctuations and Doppler Spectrum 60 2.3.1 Friis’ Equation and Geometric Ray Tracing 61 2.3.2 Modeling of Small-Scale Fading 69 2.3.3 Modeling of Doppler Spectrum 70 2.4 Wideband Modeling of Multipath Characteristics 72 2.4.1 Impulse Response, Multipath Intensity, and Bandwidth 72 2.4.2 Multipath Spread, ISI, and Bandwidth 74 2.4.3 Wideband Channel Models in Standardization Organizations 77 2.4.4 Simulation of Channel Behavior 79 2.5 Emerging Channel Models 79 2.5.1 Wideband Channel Models for Geolocation 79 2.5.2 SIMO and MIMO Channel Models 82 Appendix A2: What Is the Decibel? 84 3 Physical Layer Alternatives forWireless Networks 99 3.1 Introduction 99 3.2 Physical Layer Basics: Data rate, Bandwidth, and Power 100 3.2.1 Data Rate and Bandwidth 101 3.2.2 Power and Error Rate 101 3.2.3 Shannon–Hartley Bound on Achievable Data Rate 105 3.3 Performance in Multipath Wireless Channels 107 3.3.1 Effects of Flat Fading 108 3.3.2 ISI Effects Due to Multipath 110 3.4 Wireless Transmission Techniques 112 3.4.1 Power Efficient Short Distance Baseband Transmission 112 3.4.2 Bandwidth Efficient Carrier Modulated Transmission 114 3.5 Multipath Resistant Techniques 120 3.5.1 Flat Fading, Antenna Diversity, and MIMO 121 3.5.2 Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum Transmissions 123 3.5.3 FH-CDMA and OFDM 127 3.5.4 Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Transmission 129 3.5.5 DS-CDMA and M-ary Orthogonal Coding 131 3.5.6 Comparison of DSSS, FHSS and OFDM 133 3.6 Coding Techniques for Wireless Communications 136 3.6.1 Block Codes 137 3.6.2 Convolutional Codes 139 3.6.3 Turbocodes and Other Advanced Codes 140 3.6.4 Space–Time Coding 140 3.6.5 Automatic Repeat Request Schemes 141 3.6.6 Block Interleaving 142 3.6.7 Scrambling 143 3.6.8 Speech Coding 143 3.7 Cognitive Radio and Dynamic Spectrum Access 145 Appendix A3 145 4 Medium Access Methods 153 4.1 Introduction 153 4.2 Centralized Assigned-Access Schemes 155 4.2.1 Frequency Division Multiple Access 156 4.2.2 Time Division Multiple Access 159 4.2.3 Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) 163 4.2.4 Comparison of CDMA, TDMA and FDMA 166 4.2.5 Performance of Assigned-Access Methods 169 4.3 Distributed Random Access for Data Oriented Networks 173 4.3.1 Random Access Methods for Data Services 174 4.3.2 Access methods for LANs 180 4.3.3 Performance of Random Access Methods 186 4.4 Integration of Voice and Data Traffic 195 4.4.1 Access Methods for Integrated Services 195 4.4.2 Data Integration in Voice-Oriented Networks 196 4.4.3 Voice Integration into Data-Oriented Networks 202 Part II PRINCIPLES OF NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE DESIGN 5 Deployment ofWireless Networks 217 5.1 Introduction 217 5.2 Wireless Network Architectures 218 5.2.1 Classification of Wireless Networks Based on Topologies 219 5.2.2 Classification of Wireless Networks Based on Coverage 223 5.3 Interference in Wireless Networks 224 5.3.1 Interference Range 225 5.3.2 Probability of Interference 228 5.3.3 Empirical Results 231 5.4 Deployment of Wireless LANs 233 5.5 Cellular Topology, Cell Fundamentals, and Frequency Reuse 238 5.5.1 The Cellular Concept 239 5.5.2 Cellular Hierarchy 241 5.5.3 Cell Fundamentals and Frequency Reuse 243 5.5.4 Signal to Interference Ratio Calculation 244 5.6 Capacity Expansion Techniques 248 5.6.1 Architectural Methods for Capacity Expansion 250 5.6.2 Channel Allocation Techniques and Capacity Expansion 260 5.6.3 Migration to Digital Systems 267 5.7 Network Planning for CDMA Systems 268 5.7.1 Issues in CDMA Network Planning 269 5.7.2 Migration from Legacy Systems 270 5.8 Femtocells 270 6 Wireless Network Operations 275 6.1 Introduction 275 6.1.1 Operations in Cellular Telephone Networks 276 6.1.2 Operations in Wireless Local Area Networks 278 6.1.3 Operations in Wireless Personal Area Networks 280 6.2 Cell Search and Registration 281 6.3 Mobility Management 283 6.3.1 Location Management 283 6.3.2 Handoff Management 288 6.3.3 Mobile IP and IMS 297 6.4 Radio Resources and Power Management 301 6.4.1 Adjusting Link Quality 303 6.4.2 Power Control 303 6.4.3 Power Saving Mechanisms in Wireless Networks 307 6.4.4 Energy Efficient Designs 309 6.4.5 Energy Efficient Software Approaches 312 7 Wireless Network Security 321 7.1 Introduction 321 7.1.1 General Security Threats 322 7.1.2 Cryptographic Protocols for Security 323 7.2 Security in Wireless Local Networks 324 7.2.1 Security Threats 324 7.2.2 Security Protocols 325 7.3 Security in Wireless Personal Networks 330 7.3.1 Security Threats 330 7.3.2 Security Protocols 332 7.4 Security in Wide Area Wireless Networks 334 7.4.1 Security Threats 334 7.4.2 Security Protocols 336 7.5 Miscellaneous Issues 340 Appendix A7: An Overview of Cryptography and Cryptographic Protocols 341 Part III WIRELESS LOCAL ACCESS 8 Wireless LANs 357 8.1 Introduction 357 8.1.1 Early Experiences 358 8.1.2 Emergence of Unlicensed Bands 359 8.1.3 Products, Bands, and Standards 360 8.1.4 Shift in Marketing Strategy 361 8.2 Wireless Local Area Networks and Standards 363 8.2.1 WLAN Standards and 802.11 Standards Activities 364 8.2.2 Ethernet and IEEE 802.11 366 8.2.3 Overview of IEEE 802.11 367 8.3 IEEE 802.11 WLAN Operations 369 8.3.1 Topology and Architecture 369 8.3.2 The IEEE 802.11 MAC Layer 373 8.3.3 The PHY Layer 381 8.3.4 Capacity of Infrastructure WLANs 391 8.3.5 Security Issues and Implementation in IEEE 802.11 394 9 Low Power Sensor Networks 405 9.1 Introduction 405 9.2 Bluetooth 406 9.2.1 Overall Architecture 409 9.2.2 Protocol Stack 410 9.2.3 Physical Layer 412 9.2.4 MAC Mechanism 414 9.2.5 Frame Formats 415 9.2.6 Connection Management 421 9.2.7 Security 424 9.3 IEEE 802.15.4 and ZigBee 424 9.3.1 Overall Architecture 425 9.3.2 Protocol Stack and Operation 426 9.3.3 Physical Layer 428 9.3.4 MAC Layer 430 9.3.5 Frame Format 432 9.3.6 Comparison of ZigBee with Bluetooth and WiFi 432 9.4 IEEE 802.15.6 Body Area Networks 434 9.4.1 What is a BAN? 434 9.4.2 Overall Architecture and Applications 435 9.4.3 Channel Measurement and Modeling 436 9.4.4 Physical and MAC Layer 444 10 GigabitWireless 447 10.1 Introduction 447 10.1.1 UWB Networking at 3.1–10.6 GHz 448 10.1.2 Gigabit Wireless at 60 GHz 450 10.2 UWB Communications at 3.1–10.6 GHz 451 10.2.1 Impulse Radio and Time Hopping Access 451 10.2.2 Direct Sequence UWB 455 10.2.3 Multi-Band OFDM 459 10.2.4 Channel Models for UWB Communications 461 10.3 Gigabit Wireless at 60 GHz 467 10.3.1 Architecture and Application Scenarios 468 10.3.2 Transmission and Medium Access 470 10.3.3 Channel Models for 60 GHz mmWave Networks 472 Part IV WIDE AREA WIRELESS ACCESS 11 TDMA Cellular Systems 479 11.1 Introduction 479 11.2 What is TDMA Cellular? 480 11.2.1 Original Services and Shortcomings 481 11.2.2 Reference Architecture for a Cellular Network 482 11.3 Mechanisms to Support a Mobile Environment 486 11.3.1 Registration 486 11.3.2 Call Establishment 487 11.3.3 Handoff 488 11.3.4 Security 490 11.4 Communication Protocols 491 11.4.1 Layer I: Physical Layer 493 11.4.2 Layer II: Data Link Layer 499 11.4.3 Layer III: Networking Layer 500 11.5 Channel Models for Cellular Networks 501 11.5.1 Path Loss Models for Cellular Networks 503 11.5.2 Models for Scattering Function of Cellular Networks 506 11.6 Transmission Techniques in TDMA Cellular 508 11.7 Evolution of TDMA for Internet Access 512 11.7.1 Architectural and MAC Layer Changes 512 11.7.2 Data Rate in TDMA Packet Switched Networks 515 12 CDMA Cellular Systems 519 12.1 Introduction 519 12.2 Why CDMA? 520 12.3 CDMA Based Cellular Systems 521 12.4 Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum 522 12.4.1 Receiver Processing with Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum 523 12.4.2 Channelization using Orthogonal Sequences 525 12.4.3 Multipath Diversity with PN Sequences 528 12.5 Communication Channels and Protocols in Example CDMA Systems 534 12.5.1 The 2G CDMA System 534 12.5.2 The 3G UMTS System 543 12.6 Cell Search, Mobility, and Radio Resource Management in CDMA 546 12.6.1 Cell Search 546 12.6.2 Soft Handoff 548 12.6.3 Power Control 552 12.7 High Speed Packet Access 554 13 OFDM and MIMO Cellular Systems 561 13.1 Introduction 561 13.2 Why OFDM? 562 13.2.1 Robustness in Multipath Dispersion 563 13.2.2 Flexible Allocation of Resources 567 13.2.3 Challenges with OFDM 569 13.3 Multiple Input Multiple Output 572 13.3.1 Diversity 573 13.3.2 Spatial Multiplexing 575 13.3.3 Beamforming 576 13.4 WiMax 576 13.4.1 General Architecture of WiMax 579 13.4.2 MAC Layer of WiMAX 581 13.4.3 PHY Layer of WiMax 582 13.5 Long Term Evolution 582 13.5.1 Architecture and Protocol Stack 583 13.5.2 Downlink in LTE 586 13.5.3 Uplink in LTE 588 13.5.4 LTE Operational Aspects 589 13.5.5 Miscellaneous 591 13.6 LTE Advanced 591 Part V WIRELESS LOCALIZATION 14 Geolocation Systems 597 14.1 Introduction 597 14.2 What is Wireless Geolocation? 598 14.2.1 Wireless Emergency Services 600 14.2.2 Performance Measures for Geolocation Systems 601 14.3 RF Location Sensing and Positioning Methodologies 602 14.3.1 Generic Architecture 602 14.3.2 Positioning Algorithms 604 14.3.3 Positioning Standards for Cellular Telephone Systems 611 14.4 Location Services Architecture for Cellular Systems 613 14.4.1 Cellular Network Architecture 615 14.4.2 Location Services Architecture 616 14.4.3 Over the Air (Access Network) Communications for Location Services 618 14.4.4 Signaling in the Fixed Infrastructure (Core Network) for Location Services 618 14.4.5 Mobile Location Protocol 619 14.5 Positioning in Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks 620 15 Fundamentals of RF Localization 625 15.1 Introduction 625 15.2 Modeling of the Behavior of RF Sensors 626 15.2.1 Behavior of RSS Sensors 627 15.2.2 Behavior of TOA Sensors 627 15.2.3 Models of the Behavior of DOA 629 15.3 Performance Bounds for Ranging 631 15.3.1 Fundamentals of Estimation Theory and CRLB 631 15.3.2 RSS-based Localization 633 15.3.3 TOA-based Localization 634 15.3.4 DOA-based Localization 636 15.4 Wireless Positioning Algorithms 639 15.4.1 Relation between Ranging and Positioning 639 15.4.2 RSS-based Pattern Recognition Algorithms 641 15.4.3 TOA-based Least Square Algorithms 648 16 Wireless Localization in Practice 653 16.1 Introduction 653 16.2 Emergence of Wi-Fi Localization 653 16.2.1 Evolution of Wi-Fi Localization 655 16.2.2 Wi-Fi Localization: TOA versus RSS 656 16.2.3 How does RSS-based Wi-Fi Localization Work? 657 16.3 Comparison of Wi-Fi Localization Systems 657 16.3.1 RTLS: Wi-Fi Localization for RFID Applications 658 16.3.2 WPS: Software GPS 660 16.4 Practical TOA Measurement 665 16.4.1 Measurement of TOA using a Narrowband Carrier Phase 665 16.4.2 Wideband TOA Measurement and Super-resolution Algorithm 666 16.4.3 UWB TOA Measurement 667 16.5 Localization in the Absence of DP 669 16.5.1 Ranging Error in the Absence of DP 670 16.5.2 Effects of Bandwidth 671 16.5.3 Localization using Multipath Diversity 672 16.5.4 Cooperative Localization Using Spatial Diversity 673 16.6 Challenges in Localization inside the Human Body 675 16.6.1 Bounds on RSS-based Localization inside the Human Body 676 16.6.2 Challenges in TOA-based RF Localization inside the Human Body 679 16.6.3 Modeling of Wideband RF Propagation from inside the Human Body 681 References 687 Index 701
Extra informatie: 
Hardback
724 pagina's
Januari 2013
1232 gram
251 x 181 x 37 mm
Wiley-Blackwell us

Levertijd: 5 tot 11 werkdagen