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Nederlands Buitenlands   Alles  Titel  Auteur  ISBN        
Levende natuur
Biologie algemeen
Levertijd: 5 tot 11 werkdagen


P. S. Cranston P.J. Gullan

The Insects

€ 69.95



Taal / Language : English

Inhoudsopgave:
List of colour plates, ix List of boxes, xiii Preface to the fifth edition, xv Preface to the fourth edition, xvii Preface to the third edition, xix Preface to the second edition, xxi Preface and acknowledgments for first edition, xxiii About the companion website, xxv 1 THE IMPORTANCE, DIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION OF INSECTS, 1 1.1 What is entomology?, 2 1.2 The importance of insects, 2 1.3 Insect biodiversity, 6 1.4 Naming and classification of insects, 10 1.5 Insects in popular culture and commerce, 11 1.6 Culturing insects, 13 1.7 Insect conservation, 14 1.8 Insects as food, 20 Further reading, 25 2 EXTERNAL ANATOMY, 26 2.1 The cuticle, 27 2.2 Segmentation and tagmosis, 33 2.3 The head, 35 2.4 The thorax, 45 2.5 The abdomen, 52 Further reading, 55 3 INTERNAL ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY, 56 3.1 Muscles and locomotion, 57 3.2 The nervous system and co-ordination, 63 3.3 The endocrine system and the function of hormones, 66 3.4 The circulatory system, 69 3.5 The tracheal system and gas exchange, 73 3.6 The gut, digestion and nutrition, 77 3.7 The excretory system and waste disposal, 86 3.8 Reproductive organs, 90 Further reading, 93 4 SENSORY SYSTEMS AND BEHAVIOUR, 95 4.1 Mechanical stimuli, 96 4.2 Thermal stimuli, 105 4.3 Chemical stimuli, 107 4.4 Insect vision, 117 4.5 Insect behaviour, 122 Further reading, 124 5 REPRODUCTION, 125 5.1 Bringing the sexes together, 126 5.2 Courtship, 128 5.3 Sexual selection, 128 5.4 Copulation, 131 5.5 Diversity in genitalic morphology, 136 5.6 Sperm storage, fertilization and sex determination, 139 5.7 Sperm competition, 140 5.8 Oviparity (egg-laying), 144 5.9 Ovoviviparity and viviparity, 150 5.10 Other modes of reproduction, 150 5.11 Physiological control of reproduction, 153 Further reading, 154 6 INSECT DEVELOPMENT AND LIFE HISTORIES, 156 6.1 Growth, 157 6.2 Life-history patterns and phases, 158 6.3 Process and control of moulting, 169 6.4 Voltinism, 172 6.5 Diapause, 173 6.6 Dealing with environmental extremes, 174 6.7 Migration, 178 6.8 Polymorphism and polyphenism, 180 6.9 Age-grading, 181 6.10 Environmental effects on development, 183 Further reading, 188 7 INSECT SYSTEMATICS: PHYLOGENY AND CLASSIFICATION, 190 7.1 Systematics, 191 7.2 The extant Hexapoda, 201 7.3 Informal group Entognatha: Collembola (springtails), Diplura (diplurans) and Protura (proturans), 202 7.4 Class Insecta (true insects), 203 Further reading, 224 8 INSECT EVOLUTION AND BIOGEOGRAPHY, 227 8.1 Relationships of the Hexapoda to other Arthropoda, 228 8.2 The antiquity of insects, 229 8.3 Were the first insects aquatic or terrestrial?, 236 8.4 Evolution of wings, 238 8.5 Evolution of metamorphosis, 241 8.6 Insect diversification, 242 8.7 Insect biogeography, 244 8.8 Insect evolution in the Pacific, 245 Further reading, 247 9 GROUND-DWELLING INSECTS, 249 9.1 Insects of litter and soil, 250 9.2 Insects and dead trees or decaying wood, 260 9.3 Insects and dung, 261 9.4 Insect–carrion interactions, 264 9.5 Insect–fungal interactions, 265 9.6 Cavernicolous insects, 268 9.7 Environmental monitoring using ground-dwelling hexapods, 268 Further reading, 270 10 AQUATIC INSECTS, 271 10.1 Taxonomic distribution and terminology, 272 10.2 The evolution of aquatic lifestyles, 275 10.3 Aquatic insects and their oxygen supplies, 277 10.4 The aquatic environment, 282 10.5 Environmental monitoring using aquatic insects, 284 10.6 Functional feeding groups, 285 10.7 Insects of temporary waterbodies, 286 10.8 Insects of the marine, intertidal and littoral zones, 287 Further reading, 288 11 INSECTS AND PLANTS, 289 11.1 Coevolutionary interactions between insects and plants, 291 11.2 Phytophagy (or herbivory), 293 11.3 Insects and plant reproductive biology, 313 11.4 Insects that live mutualistically in specialized plant structures, 318 Further reading, 320 12 INSECT SOCIETIES, 322 12.1 Subsociality in insects, 323 12.2 Eusociality in insects, 327 12.3 Inquilines and parasites of social insects, 345 12.4 Evolution and maintenance of eusociality, 348 12.5 Success of social insects, 351 Further reading, 353 13 INSECT PREDATION AND PARASITISM, 354 13.1 Prey/host location, 355 13.2 Prey/host acceptance and manipulation, 361 13.3 Prey/host selection and specificity, 364 13.4 Population biology – predator/parasitoid and prey/host abundance, 372 13.5 The evolutionary success of insect predation and parasitism, 375 Further reading, 376 14 INSECT DEFENCE, 377 14.1 Defence by hiding, 379 14.2 Secondary lines of defence, 380 14.3 Mechanical defences, 382 14.4 Chemical defences, 384 14.5 Defence by mimicry, 388 14.6 Collective defences in gregarious and social insects, 392 Further reading, 396 15 MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ENTOMOLOGY, 397 15.1 Insects as causes and vectors of disease, 398 15.2 Generalized disease cycles, 399 15.3 Pathogens, 399 15.4 Forensic entomology, 413 15.5 Insect nuisance and phobia, 414 15.6 Venoms and allergens, 416 Further reading, 417 16 PEST MANAGEMENT, 418 16.1 Insects as pests, 419 16.2 The effects of insecticides, 425 16.3 Integrated pest management, 428 16.4 Chemical control, 429 16.5 Biological control, 435 16.6 Host-plant resistance to insects, 447 16.7 Physical control, 451 16.8 Cultural control, 451 16.9 Pheromones and other insect attractants, 452 16.10 Genetic manipulation of insect pests, 454 Further reading, 455 17 INSECTS IN A CHANGING WORLD, 457 17.1 Models of change, 458 17.2 Economically significant insects under climate change, 463 17.3 Implications of climate change for insect biodiversity and conservation, 467 17.4 Global trade and insects, 468 Further reading, 473 18 METHODS IN ENTOMOLOGY:COLLECTING, PRESERVATION,CURATION AND IDENTIFICATION, 474 18.1 Collection, 475 18.2 Preservation and curation, 478 18.3 Identification, 488 Further reading, 491 TAXOBOXES, 493 1 Entognatha: non-insect hexapods(Collembola, Diplura and Protura), 493 2 Archaeognatha (Microcoryphia; archaeognathans or bristletails), 495 3 Zygentoma (silverfish), 496 4 Ephemeroptera (mayflies), 497 5 Odonata (damselflies anddragonflies), 498 6 Plecoptera (stoneflies), 500 7 Dermaptera (earwigs), 500 8 Zoraptera (zorapterans or angelinsects), 501 9 Orthoptera (grasshoppers, locusts,katydids and crickets), 502 10 Embioptera (Embiidina, Emboidea;embiopterans or webspinners), 503 11 Phasmatodea (phasmids, stick-insects or walking sticks), 503 12 Grylloblattodea (Grylloblattaria or Notoptera; grylloblattids, ice crawlers or rock crawlers), 504 13 Mantophasmatodea (heelwalkers), 505 14 Mantodea (mantids, mantises or praying mantids), 506 15 Blattodea: roach families (cockroaches or roaches), 507 16 Blattodea: epifamily Termitoidae (former order Isoptera; termites, “white ants”), 508 17 Psocodea: “Psocoptera” (bark lice and book lice), 509 18 Psocodea: “Phthiraptera” (chewing lice and sucking lice), 510 19 Thysanoptera (thrips), 511 20 Hemiptera (bugs, moss bugs, cicadas, leafhoppers, planthoppers, spittle bugs, treehoppers, aphids, jumping plant lice, scale insects and whiteflies), 512 21 Neuropterida: Neuroptera (lacewings, owlflies and antlions), Megaloptera (alderflies, dobsonflies and fishflies) and Raphidioptera (snakeflies), 514 22 Coleoptera (beetles), 516 23 Strepsiptera (strepsipterans), 517 24 Diptera (true flies), 519 25 Mecoptera (hangingflies, scorpionflies and snowfleas), 520 26 Siphonaptera (fleas), 521 27 Trichoptera (caddisflies), 522 28 Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), 523 29 Hymenoptera (ants, bees, wasps, sawflies and wood wasps), 524 Glossary, 526 References, 555 Index, 563 Appendix: A reference guide to orders, 589
Extra informatie: 
Hardback
624 pagina's
Januari 2014
1358 gram
251 x 186 x 31 mm
John Wiley & Sons Inc gb


Levertijd: 5 tot 11 werkdagen