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Nederlands Buitenlands   Alles  Titel  Auteur  ISBN        
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Moir, Ian Aircraft Systems
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Moir, Ian

Aircraft Systems

Mechanical, Electrical and Avionics Subsystems Integration

€ 137.95

Advances in systems technology continue to ally systems and avionics, with aircraft support and flight systems ever increasingly controlled and monitored by electronics. The a


Taal / Language : English

Inhoudsopgave:
Foreword.

Series Preface.

About the Authors.

Acknowledgements.

List of Abbreviations.

Introduction.

Systems Integration.

Systems Interaction.

1 Flight Control Systems.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Principles of Flight Control.

1.3 Flight Control Surfaces.

1.4 Primary Flight Control.

1.5 Secondary Flight Control.

1.6 Commercial Aircraft.

1.6.1 Primary Flight Control.

1.6.2 Secondary Flight Control.

1.7 Flight Control Linkage Systems.

1.7.1 Push Pull Control Rod System.

1.7.2 Cable and Pulley System.

1.8 High Lift Control Systems.

1.9 Trim and Feel.

1.9.1 Trim.

1.9.2 Feel.

1.10 Flight Control Actuation.

1.10.1 Simple Mechanical/Hydraulic Actuation.

1.10.2 Mechanical Actuation with Electrical Signalling.

1.10.3 Multiple Redundancy Actuation.

1.10.4 Mechanical Screwjack Actuator.

1.10.5 Integrated Actuator Package (IAP).

1.10.6 Advanced Actuation Implementations.

1.11 Civil System Implementations.

1.11.1 Top Level Comparison.

1.11.2 Airbus Implementation.

1.12 Fly By Wire Control Laws.

1.13 A380 Flight Control Actuation.

1.14 Boeing 777 Implementation.

1.15 Interrelationship of Flight Control, Guidance and Flight Management.

2 Engine Control Systems.

2.1 Introduction.

2.1.1 Engine/Airframe Interfaces.

2.2 Engine Technology and Principles of Operation.

2.3 The Control Problem.

2.3.1 Fuel Flow Control.

2.3.2 Air Flow Control.

2.3.3 Control Systems.

2.3.4 Control System Parameters.

2.3.5 Input Signals.

2.3.6 Output Signals.

2.4 Example Systems.

2.5 Design Criteria.

2.6 Engine Starting.

2.6.1 Fuel Control.

2.6.2 Ignition Control.

2.6.3 Engine Rotation.

2.6.4 Throttle Levers.

2.6.5 Starting Sequence.

2.7 Engine Indications.

2.8 Engine Oil Systems.

2.9 Engine Offtakes.

2.10 Reverse Thrust.

2.11 Engine Control on Modern Civil Aircraft.

3 Fuel Systems.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Characteristics of Fuel Systems.

3.3 Description of Fuel System Components.

3.3.1 Fuel Transfer Pumps.

3.3.2 Fuel Booster Pumps.

3.3.3 Fuel Transfer Valves.

3.3.4 Non Return Valves (NRVs).

3.4 Fuel Quantity Measurement.

3.4.1 Level Sensors.

3.4.2 Fuel Gauging Probes.

3.4.3 Fuel Quantity Measurement Basics.

3.4.4 Tank Shapes.

3.4.5 Fuel Properties.

3.4.6 Fuel Quantity Measurement Systems.

3.4.7 Fokker F50/F100 System.

3.4.8 Airbus A320 System.

3.4.9 `Smart Probes.

3.4.10 Ultrasonic Probes.

3.5 Fuel System Operating Modes.

3.5.1 Pressurisation.

3.5.2 Engine Feed.

3.5.3 Fuel Transfer.

3.5.4 Refuel/Defuel.

3.5.5 Vent Systems.

3.5.6 Use of Fuel as a Heat Sink.

3.5.7 External Fuel Tanks.

3.5.8 Fuel Jettison.

3.5.9 In Flight Refuelling.

3.6 Integrated Civil Aircraft Systems.

3.6.1 Bombardier Global Express.

3.6.2 Boeing 777.

3.6.3 A340 500/600 Fuel System.

3.7 Fuel Tank Safety.

3.7.1 Principles of Fuel Inerting.

3.7.2 Air Separation Technology.

3.7.3 Typical Fuel Inerting System.

3.8 Polar Operations Cold Fuel Management.

3.8.1 Minimum Equipment List (MEL).

3.8.2 Cold Fuel Characteristics.

3.8.3 Fuel Temperature Indication.

4 Hydraulic Systems.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Hydraulic Circuit Design.

4.3 Hydraulic Actuation.

4.4 Hydraulic Fluid.

4.5 Fluid Pressure.

4.6 Fluid Temperature.

4.7 Fluid Flow Rate.

4.8 Hydraulic Piping.

4.9 Hydraulic Pumps.

4.10 Fluid Conditioning.

4.11 Hydraulic Reservoir.

4.12 Warnings and Status.

4.13 Emergency Power Sources.

4.14 Proof of Design.

4.15 Aircraft System Applications.

4.15.1 The Avro RJ Hydraulic System.

4.15.2 The BAE SYSTEMS Hawk 200 Hydraulic System.

4.15.3 Tornado Hydraulic System.

4.16 Civil Transport Comparison.

4.16.1 Airbus A320.

4.16.2 Boeing 767.

4.17 Landing Gear Systems.

4.17.1 Nose Gear.

4.17.2 Main Gear.

4.17.3 Braking Anti Skid and Steering.

4.17.4 Electronic Control.

4.17.5 Automatic Braking.

4.17.6 Multi Wheel Systems.

4.17.7 Brake Parachute.

5 Electrical Systems.

5.1 Introduction.

5.1.1 Electrical Power Evolution.

5.2 Aircraft Electrical System.

5.3 Power Generation.

5.3.1 DC Power Generation.

5.3.2 AC Power Generation.

5.3.3 Power Generation Control.

5.4 Primary Power Distribution.

5.5 Power Conversion and Energy Storage.

5.5.1 Inverters.

5.5.2 Transformer Rectifier Units (TRUs).

5.5.3 Auto Transformers.

5.5.4 Battery Chargers.

5.5.5 Batteries.

5.6 Secondary Power Distribution.

5.6.1 Power Switching.

5.6.2 Load Protection.

5.7 Typical Aircraft DC System.

5.8 Typical Civil Transport Electrical System.

5.9 Electrical Loads.

5.9.1 Motors and Actuation.

5.9.2 DC Motors.

5.9.3 AC Motors.

5.9.4 Lighting.

5.9.5 Heating.

5.9.6 Subsystem Controllers and Avionics Systems.

5.9.7 Ground Power.

5.10 Emergency Power Generation.

5.10.1 Ram Air Turbine.

5.10.2 Backup Power Converters.

5.10.3 Permanent Magnet Generators (PMGs).

5.11 Recent Systems Developments.

5.11.1 Electrical Load Management System (ELMS).

5.11.2 Variable Speed Constant Frequency (VSCF).

5.11.3 270 VDC Systems.

5.11.4 More Electric Aircraft (MEA).

5.12 Recent Electrical System Developments.

5.12.1 Airbus A380 Electrical System Overview.

5.12.2 A400M.

5.12.3 B787 Electrical Overview.

5.13 Electrical Systems Displays.

6 Pneumatic Systems.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Use of Bleed Air.

6.3 Engine Bleed Air Control.

6.4 Bleed Air System Indications.

6.5 Bleed Air System Users.

6.5.1 Wing and Engine Anti Ice.

6.5.2 Engine Start.

6.5.3 Thrust Reversers.

6.5.4 Hydraulic Systems.

6.6 Pitot Static Systems.

6.6.1 Innovative Methods of Pitot Static Measurement.

7 Environmental Control Systems.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 The Need for a Controlled Environment.

7.2.1 Kinetic Heating.

7.2.2 Solar Heating.

7.2.3 Avionics Heat Loads.

7.2.4 Airframe System Heat Loads.

7.2.5 The Need for Cabin Conditioning.

7.2.6 The Need for Avionics Conditioning.

7.3 The International Standard Atmosphere (ISA).

7.4 Environmental Control System Design.

7.4.1 Ram Air Cooling.

7.4.2 Fuel Cooling.

7.4.3 Engine Bleed.

7.4.4 Bleed Flow and Temperature Control.

7.5 Cooling Systems.

7.5.1 Air Cycle Refrigeration Systems.

7.5.2 Turbofan System.

7.5.3 Bootstrap System.

7.5.4 Reversed Bootstrap.

7.5.5 Ram Powered Reverse Bootstrap.

7.5.6 Vapour Cycle Systems.

7.5.7 Liquid Cooled Systems.

7.5.8 Expendable Heat Sinks.

7.6 Humidity Control.

7.7 The Inefficiency of Present Systems.

7.8 Air Distribution Systems.

7.8.1 Avionics Cooling.

7.8.2 Unconditioned Bays.

7.8.3 Conditioned Bays.

7.8.4 Conditioned Bay Equipment Racking.

7.8.5 Ground Cooling.

7.8.6 Cabin Distribution Systems.

7.9 Cabin Noise.

7.10 Cabin Pressurisation.

7.11 Hypoxia.

7.12 Molecular Sieve Oxygen Concentrators.

7.13 g Tolerance.

7.14 Rain Dispersal.

7.15 Anti Misting and De Misting.

7.16 Aircraft Icing.

8 Emergency Systems.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Warning Systems.

8.3 Fire Detection and Suppression.

8.4 Emergency Power Sources.

8.5 Explosion Suppression.

8.6 Emergency Oxygen.

8.7 Passenger Evacuation.

8.8 Crew Escape.

8.9 Computer Controlled Seats.

8.10 Ejection System Timing.

8.11 High Speed Escape.

8.12 Crash Recorder.

8.13 Crash Switch.

8.14 Emergency Landing.

8.15 Emergency System Testing.

9 Rotary Wing Systems.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Special Requirements of Helicopters.

9.3 Principles of Helicopter Flight.

9.4 Helicopter Flight Control.

9.5 Primary Flight Control Actuation.

9.5.1 Manual Control.

9.5.2 Auto Stabilisation.

9.5.3 Autopilot Modes.

9.6 Key Helicopter Systems.

9.6.1 Engine and Transmission System.

9.6.2 Hydraulic Systems.

9.6.3 Electrical System.

9.6.4 Health Monitoring System.

9.6.5 Specialised Helicopter Systems.

9.7 Helicopter Auto Flight Control.

9.7.1 EH 101 Flight Control System.

9.7.2 NOTAR Method of Yaw Control.

9.8 Active Control Technology.

9.9 Advanced Battlefield Helicopter.

9.9.1 Target Acquisition and Designator System (TADS)/Pilots Night Vision System (PNVS).

9.9.2 AH 64 C/D Longbow Apache.

9.10 Tilt Rotor Systems.

9.10.1 Tilt Rotor Concept and Development.

9.10.2 V 22 OSPREY.

9.10.3 Civil Tilt Rotor.

10 Advanced Systems.

10.1 Introduction.

10.1.1 STOL Manoeuvre Technology Demonstrator (SMTD).

10.1.2 Vehicle Management Systems (VMS).

10.1.3 More Electric Aircraft.

10.1.4 More Electric Engine.

10.2 Stealth.

10.2.1 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF).

10.3 Integrated Flight and Propulsion Control (IFPC).

10.4 Vehicle Management System.

10.5 More Electric Aircraft.

10.5.1 Engine Power Offtakes.

10.5.2 Boeing 787 (More Electric) Electrical System.

10.5.3 More Electric Hydraulic System.

10.5.4 More Electric Environmental Control System.

10.6 More Electric Actuation.

10.6.1 Electro Hydrostatic Actuators (EHA).

10.6.2 Electro Mechanical Actuators (EMA).

10.6.3 Electric Braking.

10.7 More Electric Engine.

10.7.1 Conventional Engine Characteristics.

10.7.2 More Electric Engine Characteristics.

10.8 Impact of Stealth Design.

10.8.1 Lockheed F 117A Nighthawk.

10.8.2 Northrop B 2 Spirit.

10.8.3 Joint Strike Fighter F 35 Lightning II.

10.9 Technology Developments/Demonstrators.

10.9.1 Fault Tolerant 270VDC Electrical Power Generation System.

10.9.2 Thermal and Energy Management Module.

10.9.3 AFTI F 16 Flight Demonstration.

11 System Design and Development.

11.1 Introduction.

11.1.1 Systems Design.

11.1.2 Development Processes.

11.2 System Design.

11.2.1 Key Agencies and Documentation.

11.2.2 Design Guidelines and Certification Techniques.

11.2.3 Key Elements of the Development Process.

11.3 Major Safety Processes.

11.3.1 Functional Hazard Analysis (FHA).

11.3.2 Preliminary System Safety Analysis (PSSA).

11.3.3 System Safety Analysis (SSA).

11.3.4 Common Cause Analysis (CCA).

11.4 Requirements Capture.

11.4.1 Top Down Approach.

11.4.2 Bottom Up Approach.

11.4.3 Requirements Capture Example.

11.5 Fault Tree Analysis (FTA).

11.6 Dependency Diagram.

11.7 Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA).

11.8 Component Reliability.

11.8.1 Analytical Methods.

11.8.2 In Service Data.

11.9 Dispatch Reliability.

11.10 Markov Analysis.

11.11 Development Processes.

11.11.1 The Product Life Cycle.

11.11.2 Concept Phase.

11.11.3 Definition Phase.

11.11.4 Design Phase.

11.11.5 Build Phase.

11.11.6 Test Phase (Qualification Phase).

11.11.7 Operate Phase.

11.11.8 Disposal or Refurbish.

11.11.9 Development Programme.

11.11.10 `V Diagram.

11.12 Extended Operations (ETOPS).

12 Avionics Technology.

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 The Nature of Microelectronic Devices.

12.2.1 Processors.

12.2.2 Memory Devices.

12.2.3 Digital Data Buses.

12.2.4 A 429 Data Bus.

12.2.5 MIL STD 1553B.

12.2.6 ARINC 629 Data Bus.

12.2.7 COTS Data Buses.

12.3 Data Bus Integration of Aircraft Systems.

12.3.1 Experimental Aircraft Programme (EAP).

12.3.2 Airbus A330/340.

12.3.3 Boeing 777.

12.3.4 Regional Aircraft/Business Jets.

12.3.5 A380 Avionics Architecture.

12.3.6 Boeing 787 Avionics Architecture.

12.3.7 COTS Data Buses IEEE 1394.

12.4 Fibre Optic Buses.

12.5 Avionics Packaging Standards.

12.5.1 Air Transport Radio (ATR).

12.5.2 Modular Concept Unit (MCU).

12.6 Typical LRU Architecture.

12.7 Integrated Modular Avionics.

13 Environmental Conditions.

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 Environmental Factors.

13.2.1 Altitude.

13.2.2 Temperature.

13.2.3 Contamination by Fluids.

13.2.4 Solar Radiation.

13.2.5 Rain, Humidity, Moisture.

13.2.6 Fungus.

13.2.7 Salt Fog/Salt Mist.

13.2.8 Sand and Dust.

13.2.9 Explosive Atmosphere.

13.2.10 Acceleration.

13.2.11 Immersion.

13.2.12 Vibration.

13.2.13 Acoustic Noise.

13.2.14 Shock.

13.2.15 Pyroshock.

13.2.16 Acidic Atmosphere.

13.2.17 Temperature, Humidity, Vibration, Altitude.

13.2.18 Icing/Freezing Rain.

13.2.19 Vibro Acoustic, Temperature.

13.2.20 RF Radiation.

13.2.21 Lightning.

13.2.22 Nuclear, Biological and Chemical.

13.3 Testing and Validation Process.

Index.
Extra informatie: 
Hardback
546 pagina's
Januari 2008
1081 gram
254 x 177 x 33 mm
Wiley-Blackwell us

Levertijd: 5 tot 11 werkdagen