Introduction to Antenna Placement and Installation
Introduction to Antenna Placement and Installation introduces the characteristics of antennas and their integration on aircraft. The book covers antenna siting and placement, computational antenna modelling on structures, measurement on sub scale models of the airframe, full scale ground measurements and in flight measurements.
1 Basic Antenna and Propagation Theory.
1.2 Characteristics of Electromagnetic Waves.
1.3 Interaction between Two Waves.
1.5 Characteristics of an Antenna.
2 Aircraft Systems Using Antennas.
2.1 Aircraft Systems.
2.2 Frequencies of the Most Common Aircraft Systems.
2.3 Automatic Direction Finding.
2.5 Distance Measuring Equipment.
2.6 Electronic Counter Measures.
2.7 Electronic Support Systems.
2.8 Emergency Locator Transmitter/Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon.
2.9 Global Positioning System.
2.11 Instrument Landing System.
2.12 In Flight Telephony.
2.13 Microwave Landing System.
2.15 SatCom Civilian.
2.16 Signals Intelligence.
2.17 Tactical Air Navigation.
2.18 Traffic Collision Avoidance System.
2.21 VHF Comms.
2.22 VHF Omnidirectional Ranging.
2.23 Equipment Designation.
3 The Antenna Siting Process.
3.2 New Antenna Layouts.
3.3 Optimum Positions for Blades.
3.4 Design Phase.
3.5 Certification and Qualification Phase.
3.6 Typical Antenna Layouts.
4 Frequency and Spatial Coverage Considerations.
4.2 Effect of the Structure on the Spatial Characteristics of the Antenna.
4.3 Combination of Two Waves.
4.4 Measurements on Scaled Test Bodies.
4.5 Effect of Frequency on the Radiation Pattern.
4.6 Effect of Distance from Obstacles.
4.7 Effect of Wings on the Radiation Pattern.
4.8 Effect of the Curved Ground Plane and the Electrical Dimensions of the Fuselage.
4.9 Radiation Patterns on Cylinders in the Absence of Obstacles.
5 Antennas Used on Aircraft.
5.2 Near and Far Fields of an Antenna.
5.3 Antennas on Aerostructures.
5.4 Polar Radiation Patterns.
5.7 Loops and Notches.
5.9 Flat/Planar Spirals.
5.11 Aperture Antennas.
5.13 Waveguide Fed Antennas.
5.14 Model Numbers Used by Different Manufacturers.
6 RF Interoperability.
6.2 Coupling between Systems on an Aircraft.
6.3 Techniques for Achieving RF Interoperability.
6.5 Coupling due to Radiated Emissions through the Antennas.
6.6 Coupling between Systems with LOS Antennas.
6.7 Coupling between Systems for Antennas on Opposite Surfaces of the Fuselage.
6.8 Existing Formulas Used for Calculating Coupling between Two Antennas on Opposite Surfaces.
6.9 Derivation of an Empirical Formula that Correlates with the Measured Data.
7 Computer Modelling Techniques.
7.2 Overview of Computer Modelling.
7.3 Generic Types of Computer Modelling.
7.4 Method of Moments.
7.5 Finite Difference Time Domain.
7.7 Physical Optics.
7.8 Hybrid Methods.
7.9 Comparison of Predicted Surface Currents.
7.10 Code to code Comparison of Radiation Patterns Predicted on the Simplistic Airframe.
7.11 Relationship between Number of Unknowns and Surface Area.
8.3 Test Facility Antennas.
8.4 Scaled Models.
8.5 Scaled Antennas.
8.7 Measurement Facilities.
8.8 Indoor Test Facilities.
8.9 Anechoic Chambers.
8.10 Compact Ranges.
8.11 Near Field Facilities.
8.12 Outdoor Far Field Ranges.
8.13 Ground Test Measurements.
8.14 In Flight Measurements for System and Inter System Testing.
9.1 Centigrade to Fahrenheit Temperature Conversion.
9.2 Conductivity of Common Metals.
9.3 Degrees to Radians and Radians to Degrees.
9.4 Dielectric Constants and Loss Tangents of Common Materials.
9.5 Electrochemical Series.
9.6 Electromagnetic Spectrum and Frequency Bands for Different Nomenclatures.
9.8 Frequency to Wavelength.
9.9 Gain in dB and Gain as a Linear Ratio.
9.10 Greek Alphabet.
9.11 Imperial to Metric Conversions Distance, Area, Volume, Speed.
9.12 Periodic Table Alphabetically.
9.13 Polarization Matching Matrix.
9.14 Power in dBm and Power in Watts.
9.15 Preferred SI Scientific Prefixes.
9.16 Terms and Definitions.
9.17 VSWR to Return Loss.
Appendix: Abbreviations and Acronyms.