Reviews the latest research in a wide range of plant abiotic stress responses including drought, flooding, temperature and salinity Expanded coverage to reflect the latest research advances in whole genome analysis Chapter reviewing the impacts of epigenetics on abiotic stress resistance Written by a team of leading international researchers.
Taal / Language : English
Contributors Preface 1 Flood tolerance mediated by the rice Sub1A transcription factor KENONG XU, ABDELBAGI M. ISMAIL, and PAMELA RONALD 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Isolation of the rice Sub1 locus 1.3 Sub1 rice in farmers’ fields 1.4 The Sub1 effect 1.5 The Sub1-mediated gene network 1.6 Conclusion 2 Drought tolerance mechanisms and their molecular basis PAUL E. VERSLUES, GOVINAL BADIGER BHASKARA, RAVI KESARI, and M. NAGARAJ KUMAR 2.1 Introduction 2.1.1 The water potential concept 2.1.2 Escape, avoidance, and tolerance strategies of drought response 2.1.3 What is drought tolerance? 2.1.4 Responses to longer-term moderate water limitation versus stress shock and short-term response 2.1.5 Natural variation and next generation sequencing 2.2 Some key drought tolerance mechanisms 2.2.1 Osmoregulation/osmotic adjustment 2.2.2 Regulated changes in growth 2.2.3 Redox buffering and energy metabolism 2.2.4 Senescence and cell death 2.2.5 Metabolism 2.3 Emerging drought tolerance regulatory mechanisms 2.3.1 Drought perception and early signaling 2.3.2 Alternative splicing 2.3.3 Post-translational modification: ubiquitination and sumoylation 2.3.4 Kinase/phosphatase signaling 2.4 Conclusion 3 Stomatal regulation of plant water status YOSHIYUKI MURATA and IZUMI C. MORI 3.1 Stomatal transpiration and cuticular transpiration 3.2 Abiotic stress 3.2.1 Drought 3.2.2 Light and heat 3.2.3 Carbon dioxide 3.2.4 Ozone 3.3 Abiotic stress and biotic stress 3.3.1 Interaction between ABA signaling and MeJA signaling 3.3.2 Interaction with other signaling 3.4 C4 plants and crassulacean acid metabolism 3.5 Conclusion 4 Root-associated stress response networks JENNIFER P.C. TO, PHILIP N. BENFEY, and TEDD D. ELICH 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Root organization 4.2.1 Root developmental zones 4.2.2 Root tissue types 4.3 Systems analysis of root-associated stress responses 4.4 Root-tissue to system-level changes in response to stress 4.4.1 Nitrogen 4.4.2 Salinity 4.4.3 Root system architecture in stress responses 4.5 Conclusion 5 Plant low-temperature tolerance and its cellular mechanisms YUKIO KAWAMURA and MATSUO UEMURA 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Chilling injury 5.2.1 Cold inactivation of vacuolar H + -ATPase 5.2.2 Lipid phase transition (L á to L â ) 5.2.3 Chill-induced cytoplasmic acidification 5.2.4 Light-dependent chilling injury 5.3 Freezing injury 5.3.1 Freeze-induced ultrastructures in the plasma membrane 5.3.2 Another freeze-induced injury of the plasma membrane 5.4 Cold acclimation 5.4.1 Lipid composition of the plasma membrane during cold acclimation 5.4.2 Changes in plasma membrane proteins during cold acclimation 5.4.3 Compatible Solute accumulation during cold acclimation 5.5 Freezing tolerance 5.5.1 Membrane cryostability due to lipid composition 5.5.2 Membrane cryostability due to hydrophilic proteins 5.5.3 Compatible solutes and freezing tolerance 5.5.4 Membrane cryodynamics and membrane resealing 5.5.5 Other membrane cryodynamics 5.6 Conclusion 6 Salinity tolerance JOANNE TILBROOK and STUART ROY 6.1 Plant growth on saline soils 6.1.1 Effects of salt stress on plant growth 6.1.2 Osmotic stress 6.1.3 Ionic stress 6.2 Tolerance mechanisms 6.2.1 Osmotic tolerance 6.2.2 Ionic tolerance 6.2.3 Ion exclusion 6.2.4 Ion tissue tolerance 6.3 Identification of variation in salinity tolerance 6.3.1 Variation in current crops 6.3.2 Variation in near wild relatives 6.3.3 Variation in model species 6.3.4 New phenomic approaches to identify variation in salinity tolerance 6.4 Forward genetic approaches to identify salinity tolerant loci and candidate genes 6.4.1 QTL mapping 6.4.2 Transcriptomics 6.4.3 Proteomics 6.4.4 Metabolomics 6.5 Known candidate genes for salinity tolerance 6.5.1 The high-affinity potassium transporter family 6.5.2 The salt overly sensitive pathway 6.5.3 Vacuolar Na + /H + antiporters and vacuolar pyrophosphatases 6.5.4 Osmoprotectants 6.5.5 Calcium signaling pathways 6.6 Prospects for generating transgenic crops 6.6.1 Overexpression of genes involved with the transport of ions 6.6.2 Manipulation of genes involved in signaling pathways 6.6.3 Altering the expression of genes involved in compatible solute synthesis 6.6.4 The need for cell-type- and temporal-specific expression 6.7 Conclusion 7 Molecular and physiological mechanisms of plant tolerance to toxic metals MATTHEW J. MILNER, MIGUEL PIÑEROS, and LEON V. KOCHIAN 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Plant Zn tolerance 7.2.1 Physiology of Zn tolerance 7.2.2 Molecular biology of Zn tolerance 7.2.3 Role of metal-binding ligands in Zn tolerance 7.3 Plant Cd tolerance 7.4 Plant aluminum tolerance 7.4.1 Physiology of Al tolerance 7.4.2 Molecular biology of Al tolerance 7.5 Conclusion 8 Epigenetic regulation of abiotic stress responses in plants VISWANATHAN CHINNUSAMY, MONIKA DALAL, and JIAN-KANG ZHU 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Epigenetic controls of gene expression 8.2.1 Establishment of histone code 8.2.2 DNA cytosine methylation 8.3 Epigenetic regulation of abiotic stress responses 8.3.1 Stress regulation of genes for histone modification and RdDM 8.3.2 Gene regulation mediated by stress-induced histone modifications 8.3.3 Gene regulation mediated by stress-induced changes in DNA methylation 8.3.4 Stress-induced transposon regulation 8.4 Transgenerational inheritance and adaptive value of epigenetic modifications 8.5 Conclusion 9 Genomics of plant abiotic stress tolerance DONG-HA OH, MAHESHI DASSANAYAKE, HYEWON HONG, SUJA GEORGE, SEOL KI PAENG, ANNA KROPORNIKA, RAY A. BRESSAN, SANG YEOL LEE, DAE-JIN YUN, and HANS J. BOHNERT 9.1 Genomics in plant research—an introduction 9.2 Plant genomes 2012—a transient account 9.3 Genomes, transcriptomes, and bioinformatics 9.4 Genomes that inform about abiotic stress 9.5 Plants evolved for salinity tolerance 9.6 ARMS genomes— Thellungiella genome sequences 9.6.1 Lineage-specific gene duplications 9.6.2 Divergence of transcriptome profiles and responses 9.6.3 Lineage-specific genes 9.7 A breeding strategy for abiotic stress avoidance 9.8 Conclusion 10 QTL and association mapping for plant abiotic stress tolerance trait identification and genetic introgression for crop improvement PETER LANGRIDGE 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Genetic mapping of abiotic stress tolerance traits 10.2.1 Quantitative trait loci 10.2.2 QTL for abiotic stress tolerance 10.3 Association mapping of abiotic stress tolerance traits 10.3.1 Linkage disequilibrium and population structure 10.3.2 Association study of abiotic stress tolerance 10.4 Transfer of QTL findings to breeding programs 10.5 Issues in genetic analysis of abiotic stress tolerance 10.5.1 Phenotyping methods 10.5.2 Selection of germplasm for genetic analysis 10.5.3 Stability of QTL across environments 10.6 Current directions of quantitative genetics for abiotic stress tolerance 10.6.1 Physiological components of abiotic stress tolerance QTL 10.6.2 Integration of physiological components into abiotic stress tolerance QTL 10.6.3 Meta QTL 10.6.4 New population designs for QTL mapping 10.7 Conclusion Index
244 x 172 x 33 mm
|Andere titels binnen de rubriek:|