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French, Hugh

Changing Cold Environments

A Canadian Perspective

€ 150.95

  • Comprehensive coverage of  the effects of global climate change on Canada’s cold environments.


    Taal / Language : English

    Inhoudsopgave:
    List of Contributors

    Preface

    Glossary

    PART ONE SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF CANADA`S COLD ENVIRONMENTS

    1 Cold Canada and the Changing Cryosphere

    Hugh French and Olav Slaymaker

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 The Cryosphere

    1.3 Cold Canada

    1.4 Cold Climates

    1.5 Arctic and Alpine Considerations

    1.6 Canada`s Physical Geography

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    2 The Late Quaternary Glaciation of Northern Canada

    David Evans

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Landforms and the Late Quaternary Glaciations

    2.3 Late Quaternary Sea level Change and its Relationship to Glaciation History

    2.4 Late Quaternary Glaciation and Deglacial History

    2.5 Wider Implications of Canadian Arctic Ice Sheet Dynamics

    2.6 Holocene Glacial Events

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    3 The Evolution of Polar Desert and Tundra Ecosystems

    Konrad Gajewski

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 The Nature of the Environment

    3.3 Ecology of Arctic Plants

    3.4 Vegetation Zonation

    3.5 Arctic Oases

    3.6 Long-term Evolution of Canadian Arctic Ecosystems

    3.7 The Quaternary

    3.8 Postglacial Climate and Vegetation Change in Arctic Canada

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    4 Remote Sensing and Canadian Snow Climatology

    Richard Kelly

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 The Importance of Snow in the Earth System

    4.3 Snow Measurements in Canada

    4.4 Remote Sensing of Snow

    4.5 Snow Variations Inferred from Remote Sensing Observations

    4.6 Discussion

    4.7 Conclusion

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    PART TWO THE CHANGING CRYOSPHERE

    5 The Changing Climates

    Roger Barry and Mark Serreze

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Late Pliocene

    5.3 Quaternary History

    5.4 Postglacial Conditions

    5.5 The Last Two Millennia

    5.6 Recent Changes

    5.7 The Future

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    6 Snow and Runoff: Processes, Sensitivity and Vulnerability

    Ming-Ko Woo and John Pomeroy

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Snow Accumulation

    6.3 Land Cover

    6.4 Snow Ablation

    6.5 Snowmelt Runoff Processes

    6.6 Streamflow

    6.7 Snowmelt Floods in Large Basins

    6.8 Snow Vulnerability

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    7 Permafrost Distribution and Stability

    Chris Burn

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Distribution of Permafrost

    7.3 Thermal Regime of Permafrost

    7.4 Permafrost and Climate Change

    7.5 Conclusions

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    8 Sea Ice in Canada

    David Barber and Jennifer Lukovich

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 What is Sea Ice?

    8.3 The Physical Nature of Sea Ice

    8.4 Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Sea Ice

    8.5 Sea Ice and Climate Change

    8.6 Implications for Northern Communities, Economic Development and the Environment

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    9 Lake and River Ice in Canada

    Terry Prowse

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Role in the Climate System

    9.3 Climatic Controls

    9.4 Historical Trends and Linkages to Climate

    9.5 Future Ice Regime Projections

    9.6 Implications of Ice Regime Changes

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    PART THREE THE EVER-CHANGING SCENERY

    10 Climate Change and the Central Canadian Treeline

    Glen MacDonald

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 The Central Canadian Treeline Zone Today

    10.3 Current Warming at the Central Canadian Treeline

    10.4 Response of the Central Canadian Treeline to Warming Temperatures

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    11 Geomorphic Change in Northern Canada

    Hugh French

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Lessons from the Past

    11.3 Freezing, Thawing and Bedrock Instability

    11.4 Warming Permafrost

    11.5 Changes in Azonal Processes

    11.6 Geotechnical Implications of Warming Permafrost

    11.7 Conclusions

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    12 Geomorphic Change in Canada`s Temperate Mountains

    Olav Slaymaker

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Present Morphology

    12.3 Spatial Variability of Ecology and Morphology

    12.4 Hydroclimate and Cryospheric Phenomena

    12.5 Rates and Kinds of Geomorphic Processes

    12.6 Disturbances Regimes and Landscape Transitions

    12.7 Conclusions

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    13 Risk from Cold-climate Hazards in the Canadian Cordillera

    Jim Gardner

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Cold-climate Hazards

    13.3 Risk and Climate Variability

    13.4 Conclusions

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    14 Societal Aspects of Changing Cold Environments

    Gita Laidler

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Cultural Pursuits and Indigenous Rights

    14.3 Local and Broader Implications of Changing Sea Ice

    14.4 Northern Governance

    14.5 Conclusions

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    15 The Changing Canadian Cryosphere, Globalization and Global Environmental Change

    Olav Slaymaker and Hugh French

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 The Question of Scale

    15.3 Adaptive Management

    15.4 Globalization

    15.5 Conclusion

    References

    Discussion Questions

    Some Useful Internet Sources

    Index
    Extra informatie: 
    Hardback
    340 pagina's
    Januari 2011
    704 gram
    251 x 173 x 21 mm
    Wiley-Blackwell us

    Levertijd: 5 tot 11 werkdagen