Temperature and Plant Development provides a detailed analysis of the role of temperature fluctuations and stressors in plant development. Renowned experts in plant biology outline plant adaptation to high and low temperature stress, whole plant psychological adaptations, and temperature-regulated gene networks.
Taal / Language : English
Contributors Preface 1 Temperature sensing in plants Steven Penfield and Dana MacGregor 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Passive and active temperature responses in plants 1.3 Temperature sensing during transcriptional regulation 1.4 Sensing cold: A role for plasma membrane calcium channels in plants 1.5 A role for membrane fluidity as an upstream temperature sensor? 1.6 Temperature sensing by proteins 1.7 Summary 2 Plant acclimation and adaptation to cold environments Bob Baxter 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Chilling and freezing injury 2.3 Freezing avoidance and tolerance at the structural and physiological level 2.3.1 Freezing avoidance 2.3.2 Freezing point depression, supercooling, deep supercooling, and extracellular and extraorgan freezing 2.3.3 Ice nucleation and structural and thermal ice barriers 2.3.4 Glass transition (vitrification) 2.3.5 Antifreeze factors 2.4 Freezing tolerance 2.4.1 Cold acclimation (hardening) 2.4.2 Genes and regulatory mechanisms in cold acclimation 2.4.3 Dehydrins 2.4.4 Heat shock proteins 2.4.5 Enzymatic and metabolic response in cryoprotection 2.4.6 The role of hormones in low-temperature acclimation 2.5 Cold deacclimation (dehardening) and reacclimation (rehardening) 2.6 Spatial and temporal considerations of plant responses to low temperature 2.6.1 Interactions between cold and light: Winter dormancy 2.6.2 Interactions between cold and environmental drought 2.6.3 Interactions between cold and light: Photosynthesis, photoinhibition, and reactive oxygen species in cold environments 2.7 The survival of cold and freezing stress in a changing climate 2.8 Plant cold acclimation and adaptation in an agricultural context 2.9 Summary 3 Plant acclimation and adaptation to warm environments Martijn van Zanten, Ralph Bours, Thijs L. Pons, and Marcel C.G. Proveniers 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Implications of high temperature for agriculture and natural ecosystems 3.3 Temperature perception and signaling pathways 3.4 Photosynthesis 3.5 Respiration and carbon balance 3.6 Growth and allocation of biomass 3.7 Architectural changes in response to high temperature 3.7.1 Heat-induced hyponastic growth in Arabidopsis and hormonal and light control 3.7.2 High-temperature-induced hypocotyl elongation in Arabidopsis 3.7.3 PIF4 as central regulator of high-temperature acclimation in Arabidopsis 3.8 Hormonal regulation of thermotolerance 3.9 Functional implications of plant architectural changes to high temperature 3.10 Interactions between drought and high temperature 3.11 Carbohydrate status control of plant acclimation to high temperature 3.12 Thermoperiodic effects on plant growth and architecture 3.13 High-temperature effects on the floral transition 4 Vernalization: Competence to flower provided by winter Dong-Hwan Kim and Sibum Sung 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Vernalization requirement in Arabidopsis 4.2.1 Molecular basis of FRI -mediated FLC activation 4.2.2 Mutations in autonomous pathway genes: Another route to confer vernalization requirement 4.2.3 O ther chromatin-remodeling complexes required for FLC activation 4.3 The molecular mechanism of vernalization 4.3.1 Vernalization-mediated epigenetic repression of FLC 4.3.2 The dynamics of PRC2 and TRX at FLC chromatin 4.3.3 Mechanisms underlying PRC2 recruitment to FLC chromatin by vernalization 4.4 Resetting of FLC repression during meiosis 4.5 Vernalization in other plant species 4.5.1 Arabis alpina 4.5.2 Cereals (wheat and barley) 4.5.3 Sugar beet ( Beta vulgaris ) 4.6 Concluding remarks 5 Temperature and light signal integration Harriet G. McWatters, Gabriela Toledo-Ortiz, and Karen J. Halliday 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Convergence points for light and temperature sensing 5.3 Phytochrome-Interacting Factors as signal integrators 5.4 ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5): A cool operator 5.5 Light and temperature converge at the circadian oscillator 5.6 Photoperiodic and thermal control of flowering 5.7 Light-dependent circadian gating of cold-acclimation responses 5.8 Temperature and light regulation of cell membrane fatty acid composition 5.9 Concluding thoughts: Implications for a changing future 6 Temperature and the circadian clock Kathleen Greenham and C. Robertson McClung 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Temperature compensation 6.3 Temperature entrainment 6.4 Cold tolerance 6.5 Splicing 6.6 Concluding remarks 7 Temperature and plant immunity Jian Hua 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Plant immunity 7.2.1 Immunity against microbial pathogens 7.2.2 Immunity against necrotrophic pathogens 7.2.3 Immunity against herbivorous insects 7.2.4 Immunity against viruses 7.3 Temperature effects on plant disease resistance 7.3.1 High-temperature suppression of disease resistance 7.3.2 Low-temperature inhibition of plant immunity 7.3.3 Disease resistance induced by high and low temperatures 7.4 The molecular basis for temperature sensitivity in plant immunity 7.4.1 Heat-sensitive NB-LRR R proteins 7.4.2 Involvement of NB-LRR R proteins in heat-sensitive immune responses 7.4.3 Enhancement of immunity by ABA deficiency at high temperatures 7.4.4 Cold sensitivity in RNA silencing-mediated immunity 7.5 Evolution of the temperature sensitivity of immunity 7.5.1 Coevolution with pathogens 7.5.2 Competition between biotic and abiotic responses 7.6 Concluding remarks 8 Temperature, climate change, and global food security Robert J. Redden, Jerry L. Hatfield, P.V. Vara Prasad, Andreas W. Ebert, Shyam S. Yadav, and Garry J. O’Leary 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Climate change on a global basis 8.3 The impact of temperature on crop water relations 8.4 The influence of high temperature on crop physiology and yield processes 8.5 The interaction of climate change factors on crop development 8.5.1 The interaction of rising temperature and CO2 8.5.2 The interaction of high-temperature and drought stress 8.6 The impact of global climate change on food quality and plant nutrient demand 8.7 Breeding high-temperature stress tolerance using crop wild relatives 8.8 Global food production and food security 8.8.1 Wheat production 8.8.2 Rice production 8.8.3 Potato production 8.8.4 Maize production 8.8.5 Sorghum production 8.8.6 Cassava production 8.8.7 Pulse production 8.8.8 Predicted impacts of climate change on global crop production 8.9 Crop nutritional content 8.10 Discussion 8.11 Conclusions Index
245 x 175 x 18 mm
|Andere titels binnen de rubriek:|