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Ellen Thompson

Time in Natural Language

€ 157.03


Time in Natural Language investigates the relationship between the syntactic and semantic representations of sentences within the Minimalist Program. Thompson proposes an analysis which brings together the semantic theory of tense developed by Reichenbach and the syntactic representation proposed in contemporary generative grammar. By introducing a novel principle for the mapping from the meaning to the structure of time, Thompson is able to account for a wide variety of constructions involving temporal expressions.



Taal / Language : English

Inhoudsopgave:
Acknowledgments ix
Chapter 1 Time in Natural Language
1.1 Introduction
1(2)
1.2 Syntactic Framework
3(1)
1.3 Semantic Framework of Tense
4(3)
1.3.1 Reichenbach (1947)
4(1)
1.3.1.1 Times as Semantic Features
5(1)
1.3.2 Syntax of Tense
5(2)
1.4 Semantic Framework of Aspect
7(3)
1.4.1 Jackendoff (1991)
9(1)
1.4.2 Syntax of Aspect
10(1)
1.5 Organization of the Book
10(5)
Chapter 2 The Structure of Time Adverbials
2.1 Introduction
15(1)
2.2 Semantic Framework
16(1)
2.3 A Syntax for Tense
16(1)
2.4 The Syntax of Adverbials
17(2)
2.4.1 The Locality of Adverbial Modification
18(1)
2.5 Syntax of Temporal Adverbials
19(3)
2.5.1 An Ambiguity in Temporal Adverbials
21(1)
2.6 Linear Order Restrictions
22(1)
2.7 Coordination
23(3)
2.8 Preposition Stranding
26(1)
2.9 Contituency Tests
27(1)
2.10 Direct Objects and Temporal Adverbials
27(3)
2.10.1 A Minimalist Account of the Asymmetry
28(2)
2.11 Negation and Temporal Adverbials
30(2)
2.12 Scope of Adverbials
32(7)
2.12.1 Agent-Oriented Adverbs
32(3)
2.12.2 Manner Adverbs
35(4)
2.13 Clause-initial Temporal Adverbials
39(1)
2.14 An Ambiguity with Durative Adverbials
40(1)
2.15 In Favor of an Adjunction Analysis of Temporal Adverbials
41(2)
2.16 Conclusion
43(8)
Chapter 3 Adjunct Clauses and the Structural Representation of Simultaneity
3.1 Introduction
51(1)
3.2 Temporal Ambiguity of Clausal Adjuncts
52(4)
3.2.1 Movement Analysis of Temporal Ambiguity: Geis (1970)
52(1)
3.2.2 Case-based Analysis of Temporal Ambiguity: Larson (1990)
53(3)
3.2.2.1 Other English Connectives
54(1)
3.2.2.2 German Temporal Prepositions
55(1)
3.3 Syntax and Semantics of Temporal Adjunct Clauses
56(4)
3.3.1 The Semantics of the Null Operator
56(2)
3.3.2 A Structure for Temporal Adjunct Clauses
58(2)
3.4 Analysis of Temporal Ambiguity
60(8)
3.4.1 Simultaneous Adjunct Clauses
60(6)
3.4.2 Nonsimultaneous Adjunct Clauses
66(2)
3.5 Preposition Stranding with Temporals in English
68(1)
3.6 Direct Object/Adjunct Asymmetries
69(2)
3.7 Clause-initial Temporal Adjuncts
71(1)
3.8 When Clauses
71(5)
3.9 Ellipsis Structures
76(4)
3.9.1 TP Ellipsis
76(1)
3.9.2 VP Ellipsis
77(2)
3.9.3 Antecedent Contained Deletion with Arguments
79(1)
3.10 In Favor of an Adjunction Analysis of Temporal Clauses
80(2)
3.11 Conclusion
82(5)
Chapter 4 The Temporal Syntax of Arguments: Reduced Relatives in Subject Position
4.1 Introduction
87(1)
4.2 Interpretation of Gerundive Relatives
88(7)
4.2.1 Temporal Dependency of Gerundive Relatives
89(2)
4.2.2 Speech Time Readings
91(4)
4.2.2.1 Historical Present Contexts
91(1)
4.2.2.2 Sequence of Tense Constructions
91(4)
4.3 Reduced Clause Structure of Gerundive Relatives
95(2)
4.3.1 Missing CP Projection
95(1)
4.3.2 Missing Inflectional Projections
96(1)
4.4 Syntax of Subject Gerundive Relatives
97(2)
4.4.1 A Restriction on Time Linking
97(2)
4.4.2 Locality of Temporal Interpretation
99(1)
4.5 Structural Evidence
99(11)
4.5.1 Coordination
100(1)
4.5.2 Existential Constructions
101(1)
4.5.3 Scope of Quantificational Adverbials
102(2)
4.5.4 Scope of Cardinality Adverbials
104(2)
4.5.5 Extraposition
106(3)
4.5.6 Presuppositionality Effects
109(1)
4.6 Reconstruction Effects and Gerundive Relatives
110(1)
4.7 Extraposition of Gerundive Relatives
111(1)
4.8 Conclusion
112(7)
Chapter 5 Principles of Time in Discourse: Temporal Syntax beyond the Sentence
5.1 Introduction
119(1)
5.2 Position and Interpretation of then
120(1)
5.3 Syntax of then
121(10)
5.3.1 Clause-final then
122(1)
5.3.2 Clause-medial then
122(6)
5.3.3 Clause-initial then
128(3)
5.4 Semantics of then
131(2)
5.5 A Restriction on Tense Structures
133(7)
5.6 Perfect Tenses with then
140(7)
5.7 Futurate Readings
147(1)
5.8 Infinitival Clauses
148(2)
5.9 Conclusion
150(7)
Chapter 6 The Structure of Aspect
6.1 Introduction
157(1)
6.2 Semantic Framework
158(4)
6.2.1 Compositionality of Telicity
160(2)
6.3 A Syntax for Aspect
162(2)
6.4 Syntax of Quickly
164(3)
6.4.1 Linear Order of Quickly
165(1)
6.4.2 Preposing of Quickly
166(1)
6.5 Syntax of Time Frame and Durative Adjuncts
167(9)
6.5.1 Preposition Stranding
167(2)
6.5.2 Scope of only
169(2)
6.5.3 Parastic Gap Constructions
171(2)
6.5.4 Specificity Effects with Time Frame and Durative Adjuncts
173(3)
6.6 Conclusion
176(7)
Chapter 7 Syntax and Semantics of Aspectual Verbs
7.1 Introduction
183(1)
7.2 Semantics of Aspectual Verbs
183(2)
7.3 Syntax and Interpretation of Verb Movement
185(17)
7.3.1 Association with focus
187(3)
7.3.2 Existential Constructions
190(3)
7.3.3 Extraposition
193(3)
7.3.4 Quantifier Scope Ambiguities
196(6)
7.4 Conclusion
202(3)
References 205(16)
Index 221
Extra informatie: 
Hardback
239 pagina's
Januari 2005
515 gram
230 x 155 x 19 mm
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