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Brunelli, Roberto Template Matching Techniques in Computer Vision
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Brunelli, Roberto

Template Matching Techniques in Computer Vision

Theory and Practice

€ 141.95

The detection and recognition of objects in images is a key research topic in the computer vision community.   Within this area, face recognition and interpretation has attracted increasing attention owing to the possibility of unveiling human perception mechanisms, and for the development of practical biometric systems.


Taal / Language : English

Inhoudsopgave:
Preface.

1 Introduction.

1.1 Template Matching and Computer Vision.

1.2 The Book.

1.3 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

2 The Imaging Process.

2.1 Image Creation.

2.1.1 Light.

2.1.2 Gathering Light.

2.1.3 Diffraction limited Systems.

2.1.4 Quantum Noise.

2.2 Biological Eyes.

2.2.1 The Human Eye.

2.2.2 Alternative Designs.

2.3 Digital Eyes.

2.4 Digital Image Representations.

2.4.1 TheSampling Theorem.

2.4.2 Image Resampling.

2.4.3 Log polar Mapping.

2.5 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

3 Template Matching as Testing.

3.1 Detectionand Estimation.

3.2 Hypothesis Testing.

3.2.1 The Bayes RiskCriterion.

3.2.2 The Neyman Pearson Criterion.

3.3 An Important Example.

3.4 A Signal Processing Perspective: Matched Filters.

3.5 Pattern Variability and the Normalized Correlation Coefficient.

3.6 Estimation.

3.6.1 Maximum Likelihood Estimation.

3.6.2 Bayes Estimation.

3.6.3 James Stein Estimation.

3.7 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

4 Robust Similarity Estimators.

4.1 Robustness Measures.

4.2 M estimators.

4.3 L1 Similarity Measures.

4.4 Robust Estimation of Covariance Matrices.

4.5 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

5 Ordinal Matching Measures.

5.1 Ordinal Correlation Measures.

5.1.1 Spearman Rank Correlation.

5.1.2 Kendall Correlation.

5.1.3 Bhat Nayar Correlation.

5.2 Non parametric Local Transforms.

5.2.1 The Census and Rank Transforms.

5.2.2 Incremental Sign Correlation.

5.3 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

6 Matching Variable Patterns.

6.1 Multiclass Synthetic Discriminant Functions.

6.2 Advanced Synthetic Discriminant Functions.

6.3 Non orthogonal Image Expansion.

6.4 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

7 Matching Linear Structure: The Hough Transform.

7.1 Getting Shapes: Edge Detection.

7.2 The Radon Transform.

7.3 The Hough Transform: Line and Circle Detection.

7.4 The Generalized Hough Transform.

7.5 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

8 Low dimensionality Representations and Matching.

8.1 Principal Components.

8.1.1 Probabilistic PCA.

8.1.2 How Many Components?

8.2 ANonlinear Approach: Kernel PCA.

8.3 Independent Components.

8.4 Linear Discriminant Analysis.

8.4.1 Bayesian Dual Spaces.

8.5 A Sample Application: Photographic quality Facial Composites.

8.6 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

9 Deformable Templates.

9.1 A Dynamic Perspective on the Hough Transform.

9.2 Deformable Templates.

9.3 Active Shape Models.

9.4 DiffeomorphicMatching.

9.5 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

10 Computational Aspects of Template Matching.

10.1 Speed.

10.1.1 Early Jump out.

10.1.2 TheUse of SumTables.

10.1.3 Hierarchical Template Matching.

10.1.4 Metric Inequalities.

10.1.5 The FFT Advantage.

10.1.6 PCA basedSpeed up.

10.1.7 A Combined Approach.

10.2 Precision.

10.2.1 A Perturbative Approach.

10.2.2 Phase Correlation.

10.3 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

11 Matching Point Sets: The Hausdorff Distance.

11.1 Metric Pattern Spaces.

11.2 Hausdorff Matching.

11.3 Efficient Computation of the Hausdorff Distance.

11.4 Partial Hausdorff Matching.

11.5 Robustness Aspects.

11.6 A Probabilistic Perspective.

11.7 Invariant Moments.

11.8 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

12 Support Vector Machines and Regularization Networks.

12.1 Learning and Regularization.

12.2 RBF Networks.

12.2.1 RBF Networks for Gender Recognition.

12.3 Support Vector Machines.

12.3.1 Improving Efficiency.

12.3.2 Multiclass SVMs.

12.3.3 Best Practice.

12.4 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

13 Feature Templates.

13.1 Detecting Templates by Features.

13.2 Parametric FeatureManifolds.

13.3 Multiclass Pattern Rejection.

13.4 Template Features.

13.5 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

14 Building a Multibiometric System.

14.1 Systems.

14.2 The Electronic Librarian.

14.3 Score Integration.

14.4 Rejection.

14.5 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

Appendices.

A AnImAl: A Software Environment for Fast Prototyping.

A.1 AnImAl: An Image Algebra.

A.2 Image Representationand Processing Abstractions.

A.3 The AnImAl Environment.

A.4 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

B Synthetic Oracles for Algorithm Development.

B.1 Computer Graphics.

B.2 Describing Reality: Flexible Rendering Languages.

B.3 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

C On Evaluation.

C.1 A Note on Performance Evaluation.

C.2 Traininga Classifier.

C.3 Analyzing the Performance of a Classifier.

C.4 Evaluating a Technology.

C.5 Bibliographical Remarks.

References.

Index.
Extra informatie: 
Hardback
348 pagina's
Januari 2009
726 gram
248 x 171 x 25 mm
Wiley-Blackwell us

Levertijd: 5 tot 11 werkdagen