This up-to-date review of seed genomics, from basic seed biology to practical applications in crop science, provides a thorough background understanding of seed biology from a basic science perspective.
Taal / Language : English
Contributors Introduction Philip W. Becraft Chapter 1 Large-Scale Mutant Analysis of Seed Development in Arabidopsis David W. Meinke Introduction Historical Perspective Arabidopsis Embryo Mutant System Large-Scale Forward Genetic Screens for Seed Mutants Approaches to Mutant Analysis Strategies for Approaching Saturation SeedGenes Database of Essential Genes in Arabidopsis Embryo Mutants with Gametophyte Defects General Features of EMB Genes in Arabidopsis Value of Large Datasets of Essential Genes Directions for Future Research Acknowledgments Chapter 2 Embryogenesis in Arabidopsis : Signaling, Genes, and the Control of Identity D. L. C. Kumari Fonseka, Xiyan Yang, Anna Mudge, Jennifer F. Topping, and Keith Lindsey Introduction Cellular Events Genes and Signaling – the Global Picture Coordination of Genes and Cellular Processes: a Role for Hormones Genes and Pattern Conclusion and Future Directions References Chapter 3 Endosperm Development Odd-Arne Olsen and Philip W. Becraft Introduction Overview of Endosperm Structure and Development Endosperm Cell Fate Specification and Differentiation Genomic Resources Transcriptional Profiling of Endosperm Development Gene Imprinting in Cereal Endosperm Conclusion Acknowledgments References Chapter 4 Epigenetic Control of Seed Gene Imprinting Christian A. Ibarra, Jennifer M. Frost, Juhyun Shin, Tzung-Fu Hsieh, and Robert L. Fischer Introduction Genomic Imprinting and Parental Conflict Theory Epigenetic Regulators of Arabidopsis Imprinting Mechanisms Establishing Arabidopsis Gene Imprinting Imprinting in the Embryo Imprinting in Monocots Evolution of Plant Imprinting Conclusion Acknowledgments Chapter 5 Apomixis Anna M. G. Koltunow, Peggy Ozias-Akins, and Imran Siddiqi Introduction Biology of Apomixis in Natural Systems Phylogenetic and Geographical Distribution of Apomixis Inheritance of Apomixis Genetic Diversity in Natural Apomictic Populations Molecular Relationships between Sexual and Apomictic Pathways Features of Chromosomes Carrying Apomixis Loci and Implications for Regulation of Apomixis Genes Associated with Apomixis Transferring Apomixis to Sexual Plants: Clues from Apomicts Synthetic Approach to Building Apomixis Synthetic Clonal Seed Formation Conclusion and Future Prospects References Chapter 6 High-Throughput Genetic Dissection of Seed Dormancy Jose M. Barrero, Colin Cavanagh, and Frank Gubler Introduction Profiling of Transcriptomic Changes Use of New Sequencing Platforms and Associated Techniques to Study Seed Dormancy Visualization Tools Coexpression Studies and Systems Biology Approaches Mapping Populations for Gene Discovery Perspective Acknowledgments Chapter 7 Genomic Specification of Starch Biosynthesis in Maize Endosperm Tracie A. Hennen-Bierwagen and Alan M. Myers Introduction Overview of Starch Biosynthetic Pathway Genomic Specification of Endosperm Starch Biosynthesis in Maize Conclusion References Chapter 8 Evolution, Structure, and Function of Prolamin Storage Proteins David Holding and Joachim Messing Introduction Prolamin Multigene Families Endosperm Texture and Storage of Prolamins Conclusion References Chapter 9 Improving Grain Quality: Wheat Peter R. Shewry Introduction Grain Structure and Composition End Use Quality Redesigning the Grain Manipulation of Grain Protein Content and Quality Manipulation of Grain Texture Development of Wheat with Resistant Starch Improving Content and Composition of Dietary Fiber Wheat Grain Cell Walls Conclusion Acknowledgments References Chapter 10 Legume Seed Genomics: How to Respond to the Challenges and Potential of a Key Plant Family? M´elanie Noguero, Karine Gallardo, J´erˆome Verdier, Christine Le Signor, Judith Burstin, and Richard Thompson Introduction Development of Genomics Tools Applications of Genomics Tools to Legume Seed Biology Future Challenges References Chapter 11 Cotton Fiber Genomics Xueying Guan and Z. Jeffrey Chen Introduction Cotton Fiber Development Roles for Transcription Factors in Development of Arabidopsis Leaf Trichomes, Seed Hairs, and Cotton Fibers Fiber Cell Expansion through Cell Wall Biosynthesis Regulation of Phytohormones during Cotton Fiber Development Cotton Fiber Genes in Diploid and Tetraploid Cotton Roles for Small RNAs in Cotton Fiber Development Conclusion References Chapter 12 Genomic Changes in Response to 110 Cycles of Selection for Seed Protein and Oil Concentration in Maize Christine J. Lucas, Han Zhao, Martha Schneerman, and Stephen P. Moose Introduction Background on the Illinois Long-Term Selection Experiment Phenotypic Responses to Selection Additional Traits Affected by Selection Unlimited Genetic Variation? Genetic Response to Selection: QTL Mapping in the Crosses of IHP x ILP and IHO x ILO New Mapping Population: Illinois Protein Strain Recombinant Inbreds Characterization of Zein Genes and Their Expression in Illinois Protein Strains Contribution of Zein Regulatory Factor Opaque2 to Observed Responses to Selection in Illinois Protein Strains Major Effect QTL May Explain IRHP Phenotype Zein Promoter-Reporter Lines to Investigate Regulation of 22-kDa --Zein Gene Expression in Illinois Protein Strains Regulatory Changes in FL2-mRFP Expression When Crossed to Illinois Protein Strains Regulation of FL2-mRFP Acknowledgments References Chapter 13 Machine Vision for Seed Phenomics Jeffery L. Gustin and A. Mark Settles Introduction High-Energy Imaging: X-ray Tomography and Fluorescence Optical Imaging: Visible Spectrum Resonance Absorption: Infrared Spectrum Resonance Emission: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Conclusion Acknowledgments References Index
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