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Dispute Settlement Reports 2002

Volume 4, Pages 1387-1818

€ 295.85



Taal / Language : English

Inhoudsopgave:
United States Anti-Dumping Measures on Certain Hot-Rolled Steel Products from Japan (WT/DS184)
Award of the Arbitrator under Article 21.3(c) of the DSU
1389(14)
United States Definitive Safeguard Measures on Imports of Circular Welded Carbon Quality Line Pipe from Korea (WT/DS202) Report of the Appellate Body 1403(70)
I. INTRODUCTION AND FACTUAL BACKGROUND
1405(4)
II. ARGUMENTS OF THE PARTICIPANTS AND THIRD PARTICIPANTS
1409(15)
A. Claims of Error by the United States - Appellant
1409(4)
1. Necessity of a Discrete Determination Either of Serious Injury or of Threat of Serious Injury
1409(2)
2. Non-Attribution of the Injurious Effects of Other Factors to Increased Imports
1411(1)
3. Adequate Opportunity for Prior Consultations and Obligation to Endeavour to Maintain a Substantially Equivalent Level of Concessions
1412(1)
4. Exclusion of `de minimis` Developing Country Exporters from the Line Pipe Measure
1412(1)
B. Arguments of Korea - Appellee
1413(1)
1. Necessity of a Discrete Determination Either of Serious Injury or of Threat of Serious Injury
1413(1)
2. Non-Attribution of the Injurious Effects of Other Factors to Increased Imports
1413(1)
3. Adequate Opportunity for Prior Consultations and Obligation to Endeavour to Maintain a Substantially Equivalent Level of Concessions
1414(1)
4. Exclusion of `de minimis` Developing Country Exporters from the Line Pipe Measure
1414(1)
C. Claims of Error by Korea - Appellant
1414(3)
1. Article XXIV of the GATT 1994
1414(2)
2. `Parallelism` Between the Investigation and the Application of the Line Pipe Measure
1416(1)
3. The Requirement to Demonstrate a priori the Necessity of the Line Pipe Measure
1416(1)
4. The Proportionality of the Line Pipe Measure
1416(1)
D. Arguments of the United States - Appellee
1417(3)
1. Article XXIV of the GATT 1994
1417(1)
2. `Parallelism` Between the Investigation and the Application of the Line Pipe Measure
1418(1)
3. The Requirement to Demonstrate a priori the Necessity of the Line Pipe Measure
1418(1)
4. The Proportionality of the Line Pipe Measure
1419(1)
E. Arguments of the Third Participants
1420(42)
1. Australia
1420(1)
2. Canada
1420(1)
3. European Communities
1421(2)
4. Japan
1423(1)
5. Mexico
1423(1)
III. ISSUES RAISED IN THIS APPEAL
1424(2)
IV. INTRODUCTORY REMARKS
1426(2)
V. ADEQUATE OPPORTUNITY FOR PRIOR CONSULTATIONS
1428(7)
VI. OBLIGATION TO ENDEAVOUR TO MAINTAIN A SUBSTANTIALLY EQUIVALENT LEVEL OF CONCESSIONS AND OTHER OBLIGATIONS
1435(1)
VII. EXCLUSION OF `DE MINIMIS` DEVELOPING COUNTRY EXPORTERS FROM THE LINE PIPE MEASURE
1436(4)
VIII. NECESSITY OF A DISCRETE DETERMINATION EITHER OF SERIOUS INJURY OR OF THREAT OF SERIOUS INJURY
1440(10)
IX. `PARALLELISM` BETWEEN THE INVESTIGATION AND THE APPLICATION OF THE LINE PIPE MEASURE
1450(6)
X. NON-ATTRIBUTION OF THE INJURIOUS EFFECTS OF OTHER FACTORS TO INCREASED IMPORTS
1456(6)
XI. THE APPLICATION OF THE LINE PIPE MEASURE: EXPRESS JUSTIFICATION AND PERMISSIBLE EXTENT
1462(9)
A. The Express Justification of the Line Pipe Measure at the Time of Application
1463(2)
B. The Permissible Extent of the Line Pipe Measure
1465(6)
XII. FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS
1471(2)
UNITED STATES DEFINITIVE SAFEGUARD MEASURES ON IMPORTS OF CIRCULAR WELDED CARBON QUALITY LINE PIPE FROM KOREA WT/DS202/R Report of the Panel 1473(338)
Adopted by the Dispute Settlement Body on 8 March 2002 as modified by the Appellate Body Report
I. INTRODUCTION
1477(1)
A. Complaint of Korea
1477(1)
B. Establishment and Composition of the Panel
1477(1)
II. FACTUAL ASPECTS
1478(1)
III. PARTIES` REQUESTS FOR FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
1479(1)
IV. ARGUMENTS OF THE PARTIES
1480(56)
A. First Written Submission of Korea
1480(8)
1. Factual Background
1480(1)
2. Preliminary Legal Issues
1481(1)
3. The Safeguard Measure Is Inconsistent With the WTO
1482(3)
4. The ITC Investigation Was Not in Compliance With WTO Requirements
1485(3)
5. Procedural Legal Arguments
1488(1)
6. Conclusion
1488(1)
B. First Written Submission of the United States
1488(10)
1. Factual Background
1488(1)
2. Substantive Argument
1489(8)
3. Procedural Arguments
1497(1)
C. First Oral Statement of Korea
1498(5)
1. Factual Background
1498(1)
2. Preliminary Issues
1498(1)
3. Legal Arguments
1498(5)
D. First Oral Statement of the United States
1503(4)
1. Increased Imports
1503(1)
2. Serious Injury
1503(1)
3. Causation
1504(1)
4. Threat
1505(1)
5. Putting the Safeguard Measure in Context
1505(1)
6. Korea has Failed to Establish that the Measure was Applied Beyond the Extent Necessary
1505(1)
7. Korea has Failed to Justify Application of Quota Disciplines to the Line Pipe Safeguard
1506(1)
8. Exclusion of Canada and Mexico from the Line Pipe Safeguard
1506(1)
9. Korea`s Request for Confidential Information
1506(1)
E. Second Written Submission of Korea
1507(12)
1. Preliminary Legal Issues
1507(1)
2. Legal Arguments
1508(10)
3. Procedural Legal Arguments
1518(1)
4. Conclusion
1519(1)
F. Second Written Submission of the United States
1519(8)
1. Introduction
1519(1)
2. The Increased Imports Requirements of Articles 2.1 and 4.2(a) Were Satisfied
1519(1)
3. The ITC`s Serious Injury Finding Fully Complies with Articles 3 and 4 of the Safeguards Agreement
1520(1)
4. The ITC`s Causation Finding Fully Complied with Article 4 of the Safeguards Agreement
1521(3)
5. The United States Applied the Safeguard Measure on Terms Consistent with Articles 5 and 9 of the Safeguards Agreement and Articles I, XIII, and XIX
1524(3)
G. Second Oral Statement of Korea
1527(5)
1. Introduction
1527(1)
2. The Safeguard Measure
1528(1)
3. The ITC Serious Injury Investigation
1529(3)
H. Second Oral Statement of the United States
1532(4)
1. Burden of Proof and Standard of Review
1532(1)
2. Increased Imports
1532(1)
3. Serious Injury
1533(1)
4. Causation
1533(2)
5. There is no Requirement to Explain how Application of a Safeguard Measure Satisfies the Requirements of Article 5.1
1535(1)
6. Korea`s Claim that the Line Pipe Safeguard Itself Does not Comply with Article 5.1
1535(1)
V. ARGUMENTS OF THE THIRD PARTIES
1536(1)
VI. INTERIM REVIEW
1536(4)
A. The United States` Requests for Interim Review
1536(1)
B. Korea`s Requests for Interim Review
1537(3)
VII. FINDINGS
1540(92)
A. Preliminary Issues
1540(4)
1. Release of Confidential Record Information to the Panel
1540(4)
2. The Admissibility of Evidence not Submitted to the ITC, or Addressing Events After the Decision to Take a Safeguard Measure
1544(1)
B. Claims Relating to the Line Pipe Measure
1544(49)
1. The Nature of the Measure
1545(2)
2. Claims under Article XIII
1547(11)
3. Claims under Articles 5 and 7 of the Safeguards Agreement and Article XIX of GATT 1994
1558(18)
4. Claims under Articles 3.1 and 4.2(c)
1576(2)
5. The Exclusion of Canada and Mexico - Articles XIII and XIX, and Article 2.2
1578(9)
6. The Exclusion of Canada and Mexico - Parallelism
1587(3)
7. The Exclusion of Developing Countries under Article 9 of the Safeguards Agreement
1590(3)
C. Claims Relating to the Investigation
1593(39)
1. Increased Imports
1593(11)
2. Serious Injury
1604(16)
3. Threat of Serious Injury
1620(1)
4. Causal Link Between Increased Imports and Serious Injury or Threat of Serious Injury
1621(4)
5. Unforeseen Developments
1625(2)
6. Emergency Action
1627(1)
7. Procedural Issues
1628(4)
VIII. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATION
1632(179)
Cumulative Index of Published Disputes 1811
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Hardback
436 pagina's
Januari 2005
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