Excerpt from The History of Mankind
The manufactures of the raw stone of every possible kind into the most various weapons and implements, especially into the stone axes or tomahawks, was an industry nourishing an active trade and based upon division of labour. Almost every bed of stone of any value has been laid under contribution. The North American Indians seem to have known that ¿int freshly dug is easier to chip than when dried. Obsidian was employed everywhere for arrow-heads and knives, on the Yellowstone, on the Snake river, in New Mexico, and above all in Mexico; then the costly material spread all over the land to Ohio and Tennessee, a distance of nearly two thousand miles. Soft slate was brought to the Mississippi region from the mountains on the Atlantic. The material for the red stone pipes which are found from the Rocky Mountains to the Atlantic coast comes from a single spot on the Coteau des Prairies. Sea-shells of every kind also found their way to the interior. The distinction usual in Europe, between chipped and polished stone implements, cannot be maintained on the other side. In North America the stone implements found with remains of extinct mammals have just the same character as those found in more recent deposits even of historic times. The European period of chipped stone weapons affords moreover no single example of a weapon or implement of stone which has not its exact counterpart among those found in North American mounds or graves. Large pieces of hammered ¿int in the form of oval or almond-shaped ¿akes bear a striking resemblance to the axes obtained by Boucher de Perthes and Rigollot from the diluvial pebble banks of the Somme valley. Here they have perhaps served for the smoothing of rough wood-work or polishing leather.
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