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Nederlands Buitenlands   Alles  Titel  Auteur  ISBN        
Taal
Taal en cultuur algemeen
McNamara, Tim Language Testing
Levertijd: 4 tot 8 werkdagen


Tim McNamara

Language Testing

€ 37.89



Taal / Language : English

Inhoudsopgave:
Preface ix
Author`s preface xi
SECTION 1 Survey 1(86)
Testing, testing...What is a language test?
3(10)
Understanding language testing
4(1)
Types of test
5(1)
Test purpose
6(1)
The criterion
7(3)
The test--criterion relationship
10(1)
Conclusion
11(2)
Communication and the design of language tests
13(10)
Discrete point tests
13(1)
Integrative and pragmatic tests
14(2)
Communicative language tests
16(1)
Models of communicative ability
17(4)
Conclusion
21(2)
The testing cycle
23(12)
Understanding the constraints
24(1)
Test content
25(1)
Test method
26(1)
Authenticity of response
27(2)
Fixed and constructed response formats
29(2)
Test specifications
31(1)
Test trials
32(1)
Conclusion
33(2)
The rating process
35(12)
Establishing a rating procedure
36(1)
The problem with raters
37(1)
Establishing a framework for making judgements
38(2)
Rating scales
40(3)
Holistic and analytic ratings
43(1)
Rater training
44(1)
Conclusion
44(3)
Validity: testing the test
47(8)
Threats to test validity
50(1)
Test content
50(2)
Test method and test construct
52(1)
The impact of tests
53(1)
Conclusion
54(1)
Measurement
55(12)
Introduction
55(1)
Measurement
56(1)
Quality control for raters
56(3)
Investigating the properties of individual test items
59(3)
Norm-referenced and criterion-referenced measurement
62(2)
New approaches to measurement
64(1)
Conclusion
65(2)
The social character of language tests
67(12)
Introduction
67(1)
The institutional character of assessment
68(1)
Assessment and social policy
68(1)
Assessment and educational policy
69(1)
The social responsibility of the language tester
70(2)
Ethical language testing
72(1)
Accountability
72(1)
Washback
73(1)
Test impact
74(1)
Codes of professional ethics for language testers
75(1)
Critical language testing
76(1)
Conclusion
77(2)
New directions --- and dilemmas?
79(8)
Computers and language testing
79(2)
Technology and the testing of speaking
81(2)
Dilemmas: whose performance?
83(4)
SECTION 2 Readings 87(34)
SECTION 3 References 121(10)
SECTION 4 Glossary 131
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140 pagina's
172 gram
198 x 128 x 12 mm
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Levertijd: 4 tot 8 werkdagen