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Catford, J C

Practical Introduction to Phonetics

€ 42.49

Undergraduate level text. Second edition


Taal / Language : English

Inhoudsopgave:
List of Figures
xiii
Introduction
1(10)
The uses of phonetics
1(2)
The phases of speech
3(4)
The vocal tract
7(2)
The functional components of speech
9(2)
Basic Components of Speech
11(24)
Initiation and articulation
11(5)
Fricative and stop articulation
16(2)
Pulmonic pressure and suction initiation
18(4)
Glottalic initiation
22(4)
Velaric initation
26(3)
Review of initiation types
29(2)
Initiator velocity, and initiator power (stress)
31(4)
Phonation: A Third Basic Component
35(24)
Voiceless and voiced fricatives
35(3)
Voiced and voiceless m n l r
38(2)
Voiced and voiceless vowels
40(1)
The three components: initiation, articulation, and phonation
40(2)
The production of voiced stops
42(5)
Voiced implosives
47(2)
Principal phonation types
49(4)
Relationship of phonation to initiation
53(2)
Aspiration
55(4)
Articulation: Stricture Types
59(14)
Articulation: The `final shaping` of sounds
59(1)
Maintainable stricture types: Stop, fricative, approximant, resonant, trill
60(7)
Essentially momentary stricture types: Tap, flap, semivowel
67(2)
The transverse dimension: median and lateral articulation
69(4)
Articulation: Locations
73(26)
The nasal area
73(3)
The oral area: Upper and lower articulators
76(3)
Labial articulations: Bilabial and labiodental
79(3)
Dentalveolar articulations
82(6)
Retroflex and palatal articulations
88(4)
Velar and uvular articulations
92(3)
Pharyngal and glottal articulations
95(4)
Co-articulation and Sequences
99(20)
Co-ordinate, or double, articulation
100(1)
Primary and secondary articulation
101(5)
Homorganic sound sequences: Geminates and affricates
106(2)
Lateral plosion, nasal plosion, and prenasalized stops
108(1)
Heterorganic sequences and contiguous sequences
109(1)
Diphthongs
110(1)
Close and open transition
111(8)
Vowels: Introduction
119(14)
Vowels and consonants: Importance of silent study of vowels
119(1)
Lip-and togue-positions for vowels
120(5)
Introduction to Cardinal Vowels
125(8)
The Cardinal Vowels (CVs)
133(30)
General characteristics of CVs: Errors to avoid
133(4)
The front CVs
137(3)
The back CVs
140(3)
Types of lip-rounding
143(1)
Secondary CVs
144(4)
Central vowels and other additions to the CVs
148(4)
The acoustics of vowels: Vowel formants
152(4)
Making the formants audible
156(5)
Additional vowel modifications
161(2)
Prosodic Features
163(14)
Initiatory prosodies: Initiator power (=stress)
163(5)
The syllable
168(3)
The foot
171(1)
Phonatory prosodies: Pitch variation (= intonation and tone)
172(2)
Articulatory prosody: Duration of articulation (= length)
174(3)
Sound-systems of Languages
177(28)
Phonology: The utilization of speech-sounds
177(1)
A continuum of vowel-sounds
178(2)
The vowel continuum differently dissected by English and Spanish
180(1)
Voice-onset-times differently exploited by different languages
181(6)
Phonemes
187(2)
Distinctive features
189(2)
English consonant phonemes
191(1)
Allophones
192(3)
Consonant clusters
195(3)
The English vowels
198(7)
Review
205(12)
For Further Reading 217(4)
References 221(2)
Index 223
Extra informatie: 
Paperback / softback
229 pagina's
Januari 2001
431 gram
241 x 171 x 13 mm
OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS ACADEM us

Levertijd: 5 tot 11 werkdagen